|Central coordinates||43o 48.08' East 37o 10.80' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, B2, B3|
|Altitude||873 - 1,480m|
|Year of IBA assessment||1994|
Site description Ser Amadiya is an east-west mountain ridge rising to c.2,000 m, just north-west of the town of Amadiya in Kurdistan and c.20 km south of the Turkish border. The section of the Amadiya valley to the south lies at 1,450-1,550 m, 3 km west of Amadiya. The site includes rocky cliffs at Sulaf and gorges to the south, e.g. Sulaf, Geli-e-Mazurka. The treeline is at c.1,650 m, and the ridge has a grassy saddle at 1,850 m. The area to the north descends through thin scrub and shrubs to scrub Quercus and Juniperus forest with a rocky and grassy floor and numerous streams and springs. Along the valley streams in the south there are Populus trees with grass and scrub, and the valley slopes are rocky, with grass and Quercus bushes. Patches of cultivation, e.g. tobacco fields, surround the small villages. Summers are hot and dry, and winters are cold with snow. 2014 updates. Evans (1994) listed the area as an Important Bird Area (IBA003). The KBA surveys looked at two areas here: Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort. Ser Amadiya is an ancient town and historical site with about 34 archaeological features, some of which go back to the period of the Assyrians, Medeans, and different Kurdish periods
Key Biodiversity See box for key species. The breeding bird community is characteristic of the northern uplands and comprises at least 30 species including Alectoris chukar, Caprimulgus europaeus, Dendrocopos syriacus, Hirundo rupestris, Sylvia hortensis, Parus lugubris, Lanius nubicus, Pyrrhocorax graculus, P. pyrrhocorax and Emberiza hortulana. Both Sitta tephronota and S. neumayer occur, the latter at least breeding. Prunella collaris and Montifringilla nivalis (a flock of c.150) have been noted as non-breeding visitors in March on the snowfields.
Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: the general area is very important for harbouring wild relatives of important cereal crop species.2014 updates. A total of 74 species was recorded. In addition to those listed in the table, the site also held three Irano-Turanian, one Eurasian Steppe and Desert and one Eurasian High-Montane biome-restricted species. Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza semenowi is Near Threatened. Other Important Fauna: Mammal data were collected in 2010. One local reported a sighting of the globally endangered Persian Fallow Deer Dama mesopotamica in 2006, but this remains unverified. Persian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus was observed, which though a least concern species has a declining population trend and is heavily persecuted for the pet trade in Iraq. There are streams and rivers in the area but no fish survey was conducted.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus||resident||1955||1 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Near Threatened|
|Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus||resident||1955||1 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Least Concern|
|Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus||breeding||1955||1 breeding pairs||poor||B2||Endangered|
|Sombre Tit Parus lugubris||resident||1963||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer||resident||1979||common||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota||resident||1959||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis||breeding||1979||2 breeding pairs||poor||A3, B3||Least Concern|
|Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea||breeding||1985||1 individuals||poor||A1, A3, B2||Near Threatened|
|2014||very high||not assessed||negligible|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||whole area/population (>90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Not assessed||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Pavel Ctyroky.
References Chapman and McGeoch (1956), Harrison (1959), McGeoch (1963), Moore and Boswell (1956-1957).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort . Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2016
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