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Location Iraq
Central coordinates 43o 48.08' East  37o 10.80' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, B2, B3
Area 60,584 ha
Altitude 873 - 1,480m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)



Site description Ser Amadiya is an east-west mountain ridge rising to c.2,000 m, just north-west of the town of Amadiya in Kurdistan and c.20 km south of the Turkish border. The section of the Amadiya valley to the south lies at 1,450-1,550 m, 3 km west of Amadiya. The site includes rocky cliffs at Sulaf and gorges to the south, e.g. Sulaf, Geli-e-Mazurka. The treeline is at c.1,650 m, and the ridge has a grassy saddle at 1,850 m. The area to the north descends through thin scrub and shrubs to scrub Quercus and Juniperus forest with a rocky and grassy floor and numerous streams and springs. Along the valley streams in the south there are Populus trees with grass and scrub, and the valley slopes are rocky, with grass and Quercus bushes. Patches of cultivation, e.g. tobacco fields, surround the small villages. Summers are hot and dry, and winters are cold with snow. 2014 updates. Evans (1994) listed the area as an Important Bird Area (IBA003). The KBA surveys looked at two areas here: Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort. Ser Amadiya is an ancient town and historical site with about 34 archaeological features, some of which go back to the period of the Assyrians, Medeans, and different Kurdish periods

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1955  1 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1955  1 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1955  1 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Endangered 
Sombre Tit Parus lugubris resident  1963  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Rock-nuthatch Sitta neumayer resident  1979  common  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Rock-nuthatch Sitta tephronota resident  1959  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1979  2 breeding pairs  poor  A3, B3  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea breeding  1985  1 individuals  poor  A1, A3, B2  Near Threatened 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture minor
tourism/recreation major

Other biodiversity Flora: the general area is very important for harbouring wild relatives of important cereal crop species.

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Pavel Ctyroky.

References Chapman and McGeoch (1956), Harrison (1959), McGeoch (1963), Moore and Boswell (1956-1957).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Ser Amadiya and Sulav Resort (Duhok). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife