email a friend
printable version
Location Iraq, Dahuk
Central coordinates 43o 30.56' East  37o 13.53' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3
Area 2,310 ha
Altitude 755 - 1,890m
Year of IBA assessment 1994

Nature Iraq (Affiliate)

Site description A valley at 1,500-1,800 m in the eastern Taurus Mountains, running north from the village of Dori (probably now abandoned), below Jabal Shoroniya on the Turkish border. There are many springs, and open woodland of Quercus, Juniperus and Pinus trees along the valley stream, with bushes. The slopes are rocky, with grass and isolated Quercus scrub.

Key Biodiversity Other breeding species (known or assumed) include Neophron percnopterus, Dendrocopos syriacus, Parus lugubris, Sitta neumayer, Lanius nubicus and Serinus pusillus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Flora: the general area is very important for harbouring wild relatives of important cereal crop species.

2014 updates. Additional Important Bird Observations: During the surveys, 44 species were observed. Although this site does not qualify as an IBA, the following threatened species were observed: Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga (Vulnerable) on passage and Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza semenowi (Near Threatened) breeding. The site also held in the breeding season four Mediterranean, one Irano-Turanian and one Eurasian Steppe and Desert biome-restricted species but these did not trigger inclusion under criterion A3 Other Important Fauna: Mammal data were collected in 2010. According to border police officers, animals in the area include: Wild Goat Capra aegagrus (Vulnerable), Striped Hyena Hyaena hyaena (Near Threatened), Brown Bear Ursus arctos, Grey Wolf Canis lupus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, and Persian Squirrel Sciurus anomalus. One near-endemic reptile Zagrosian Lizard Timon princeps kurdistanicus was observed. No fish surveys were performed at this site. Additional Plant & Habitat Information: This site contains a good population of Pistacia eurycarpa, P. khinjuk and Crataegus azarolus, which are economically and culturally important

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1979  2 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Endangered 
White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis breeding  1979  unknown  B3  Least Concern 
Cinereous Bunting Emberiza cineracea breeding  1945  unknown  A1, B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Not assessed  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   major
Shrubland   major
Forest   major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
rangeland/pastureland major
agriculture major
hunting major
tourism/recreation major

Acknowledgements Data-sheet compiled by Pavel Ctyroky.

References Chapman and McGeoch (1956), McGeoch (1963). 2014 updates. Evans, M. (1994). Important Bird Areas of the Middle East. (Birdlife Conservation Series, No. 2). Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Dure (Dori Serguza). Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife