email a friend
printable version
Location Turkey, Bursa
Central coordinates 28o 35.00' East  40o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2, B3
Area 24,490 ha
Altitude 9 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A large, shallow (max. depth 6 m), nutrient-rich freshwater lake on the south side of the Sea of Marmara. The lake is fed principally by the Mustafakemalpaþa river and contains four islands. Silt deposition has formed an inland delta largely under agriculture; the western and southern shores of the lake support vast reedbeds (Phragmites). Fisheries are the main economic activity; lake water is used for irrigation.

Key Biodiversity This site is important for both breeding and wintering waterbirds. Up to 429,500 waterbirds were present in winter 1996, representing the highest count at any Turkish site since 1970.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  12,750-42,500 individuals  A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1998  32 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1996  13,600 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1998  48 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1998  150 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1998  105 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1998  109 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  2001  1,045-1,310 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus non-breeding  1994  136 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1996  170-1,078 individuals  A1, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  1998  823 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, B3  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  2001  2,023 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1999  273,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  1998  660 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,987 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 high very unfavourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lake Uluabat Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 19,900 protected area contained by site 19,900  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  54%
Forest   46%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
hunting 30%
water management 90%

Protection status National None International High13,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Uluabat Gölü, 13,000 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Uluabat Lake. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife