Site description A complex of seasonally-flooded forests, swamps, freshwater lakes and sand-dunes on the Black Sea coast near the Turkish-Bulgarian border. Surface water accumulation behind the dunes feeds the largely intact flooded forests, which are below sea-level. The c.10 km long pristine dune and beach system is of high botanical importance. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, small-scale freshwater fisheries and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).
Key Biodiversity The site is also a migratory bottleneck, where more than 8,000 Ciconia ciconia regularly pass in autumn. Although no comprehensive counts have been undertaken, available data suggest that the IBA is also a bottleneck for migrating raptors.
Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland
Sand dunes and beaches; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation
Sea inlets and coastal features
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection statusNational High International None1,345 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Iðneada, 1,345 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Iðneada, 5,399 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Iðneada, 3,000 ha).
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BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: İğneada Forests. Downloaded from
http://www.birdlife.org on 01/10/2016
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