|Central coordinates||27o 58.00' East 41o 50.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, B1i, B1iv|
|Altitude||0 - 50m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Ornithological information The site is also a migratory bottleneck, where more than 8,000 Ciconia ciconia regularly pass in autumn. Although no comprehensive counts have been undertaken, available data suggest that the IBA is also a bottleneck for migrating raptors.
Site description A complex of seasonally-flooded forests, swamps, freshwater lakes and sand-dunes on the Black Sea coast near the Turkish-Bulgarian border. Surface water accumulation behind the dunes feeds the largely intact flooded forests, which are below sea-level. The c.10 km long pristine dune and beach system is of high botanical importance. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, small-scale freshwater fisheries and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||passage||1991||365 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|White Stork Ciconia ciconia||passage||1996||8,366 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1996||8,366 individuals||-||B1iv|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Igneada||SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863)||3,000||protected area contained by site||3,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland||95%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Sand dunes and beaches; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Sea||Sea inlets and coastal features||5%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||50%|
Management considerations ÝSKÝ plans to divert water from the nearby Istranca mountains by damming the five major streams feeding the flooded forests. Additional threats include the proposed Bulgaria-Turkey coastal highway, tourism development, deforestation to allow replanting with Populus, illegal sand extraction and reed-cutting regimes that reduce nesting site availability (`Other' threat).
Protection status National High International None1,345 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Iðneada, 1,345 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Iðneada, 5,399 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Iðneada, 3,000 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: İğneada Forests. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2013
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