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Location Turkey, Kirklareli
Central coordinates 27o 58.00' East  41o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B1iv
Area 8,219 ha
Altitude 0 - 50m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A complex of seasonally-flooded forests, swamps, freshwater lakes and sand-dunes on the Black Sea coast near the Turkish-Bulgarian border. Surface water accumulation behind the dunes feeds the largely intact flooded forests, which are below sea-level. The c.10 km long pristine dune and beach system is of high botanical importance. Human activities include cattle- and sheep-grazing, small-scale freshwater fisheries and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity The site is also a migratory bottleneck, where more than 8,000 Ciconia ciconia regularly pass in autumn. Although no comprehensive counts have been undertaken, available data suggest that the IBA is also a bottleneck for migrating raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1991  365 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia passage  1996  8,366 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1996  8,366 individuals  B1iv   

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high near favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland) Sand dunes and beaches  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Igneada SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 3,000 protected area contained by site 3,000  
Igneada MP National Park 3,155 protected area contained by site 3,155  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  95%
Wetlands (inland) Sand dunes and beaches; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
forestry 90%
nature conservation and research 50%
hunting 5%
other -

Protection status National High International None1,345 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Iðneada, 1,345 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Iðneada, 5,399 ha). 3,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Iðneada, 3,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: İğneada Forests. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife