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Location Turkey, Van
Central coordinates 43o 37.00' East  38o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 20,380 ha
Altitude 1,890 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A highly alkaline lake (max. depth 30 m) situated in a tectonic depression 20 km east of Lake Van (site 096). It has steep rocky shores on the northern and western sides; in the east and south the shores are shallow with mudflats. The Memedik river enters the lake in the east, forming a small delta with reedbeds (Phragmites) and wet meadows. Human activities include stock-grazing.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  3,030-9,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna non-breeding  1989  2,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2-3 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala non-breeding  2000  18-39 individuals  A1  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis non-breeding  3,500-4,430 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2000  350 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta non-breeding  1989  2,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  75-85 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  10-15 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica non-breeding  2001  365 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ercek Golu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
not utilised 95%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Erçek Lake. Downloaded from on 17/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife