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Location Turkey, Van
Central coordinates 43o 37.00' East  38o 39.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 20,380 ha
Altitude 1,890 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A highly alkaline lake (max. depth 30 m) situated in a tectonic depression 20 km east of Lake Van (site 096). It has steep rocky shores on the northern and western sides; in the east and south the shores are shallow with mudflats. The Memedik river enters the lake in the east, forming a small delta with reedbeds (Phragmites) and wet meadows. Human activities include stock-grazing.

Key Biodiversity This site is important for breeding and passage waterbirds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  3,030-9,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna non-breeding  1989  2,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  2-3 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala non-breeding  2000  18-39 individuals  A1  Endangered 
Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis non-breeding  3,500-4,430 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  2000  350 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta non-breeding  1989  2,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  75-85 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  10-15 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica non-breeding  2001  365 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2015 medium unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - run-off happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Ercek Golu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
not utilised 95%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Erçek Lake. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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