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Location Turkey, Afyon,Denizli
Central coordinates 29o 49.00' East  37o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2
Area 32,730 ha
Altitude 830 - 920m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow, stream- and spring-fed saline lake (max. 16,500 ha) of tectonic origin. Freshwater marshes have developed around the springs; the lake supplies irrigation water and largely dries up during summer. The plain to the south-west comprises salt-steppe; the land to the north-east is intensively farmed. The site includes a complex of small freshwater lakes 10 km south-west of Acýgöl. Human activities include stock-grazing, salt extraction and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding waterbirds, although numbers have fallen in recent years, possibly due to low water-levels. Tadorna ferruginea occurs throughout the year, and breeds in the surrounding mountains. Acýgöl was formerly important for breeding Otis tarda; it seems certain that a small population survives.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  770-2,307 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  723-800 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus breeding  150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  30-40 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1-2 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  647 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus non-breeding  1991  1,010 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  90 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  15-20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  25 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 1675 767 unknown 46 unfavourable
Tadorna tadorna Common Shelduck 723 898 unknown 100 favourable
Podiceps nigricollis Black-necked Grebe 1082 0 unknown 0 very unfavourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 885 2575 - 100 favourable
Grus grus Common Crane 180 0 unknown 0 very unfavourable
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet 647 272 - 43 unfavourable
Charadrius alexandrinus 31 0 - 0 very unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  Unknown  Unknown  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Acıgöl Other Area 0 protected area contains site 0  
Denizli Çardak Beylerli Lake Wildlife Development Areas Game Reserve 919 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Pamukkale Arama Kurtarma ve Doğa Sporları Derneği 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   14%
Forest   14%
Savanna   72%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 20%
Notes: there are three salt factory.
agriculture 10%
rangeland/pastureland 65%
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: ried cutting

Protection status National Low International None1,100 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (çaltý Gölü, 1,100 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Acıgöl Lake. Downloaded from on 08/02/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife