|Central coordinates||29o 49.00' East 37o 48.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, B1i, B2|
|Altitude||830 - 920m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Ornithological information The site is important for breeding waterbirds, although numbers have fallen in recent years, possibly due to low water-levels. Tadorna ferruginea occurs throughout the year, and breeds in the surrounding mountains. Acýgöl was formerly important for breeding Otis tarda; it seems certain that a small population survives.
Site description A shallow, stream- and spring-fed saline lake (max. 16,500 ha) of tectonic origin. Freshwater marshes have developed around the springs; the lake supplies irrigation water and largely dries up during summer. The plain to the south-west comprises salt-steppe; the land to the north-east is intensively farmed. The site includes a complex of small freshwater lakes 10 km south-west of Acýgöl. Human activities include stock-grazing, salt extraction and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||winter||-||770-2,307 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||winter||-||723-800 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus||breeding||-||150 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Great Bustard Otis tarda||breeding||-||30-40 individuals||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Common Crane Grus grus||breeding||-||1-2 breeding pairs||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta||winter||-||647 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus||breeding||-||15-20 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus||non-breeding||1991||1,010 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus||breeding||-||90 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica||breeding||-||25 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Calti Golu||Protected Forest||1,100||protected area contained by site||919|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing brackish and salt water||80%|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land||20%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: there are three salt factory.|
|Notes: ried cutting|
Management considerations DSÝ plan to drain 13,620 ha of land between Acýgöl and the freshwater lakes, thereby destroying the largest intact salt-steppe ecosystem in the region. No environmental impact assessment has been carried out to date. Salt from the saltpans blows onto adjacent agricultural areas and reportedly damages crops and causes human respiratory problems. In 1996 work began on an industrial complex west of the area, which will use water from artesian wells. The possible effects of this scheme with regard to pollution and the lowering of groundwater levels are unknown.
Protection status National Low International None1,100 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (çaltý Gölü, 1,100 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Acıgöl Lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/06/2013
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