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Location Turkey, Afyon,Denizli
Central coordinates 29o 49.00' East  37o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2
Area 32,730 ha
Altitude 830 - 920m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow, stream- and spring-fed saline lake (max. 16,500 ha) of tectonic origin. Freshwater marshes have developed around the springs; the lake supplies irrigation water and largely dries up during summer. The plain to the south-west comprises salt-steppe; the land to the north-east is intensively farmed. The site includes a complex of small freshwater lakes 10 km south-west of Acýgöl. Human activities include stock-grazing, salt extraction and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding waterbirds, although numbers have fallen in recent years, possibly due to low water-levels. Tadorna ferruginea occurs throughout the year, and breeds in the surrounding mountains. Acýgöl was formerly important for breeding Otis tarda; it seems certain that a small population survives.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  770-2,307 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna winter  723-800 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus breeding  150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda breeding  30-40 individuals  A1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  1-2 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  647 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Charadrius alexandrinus non-breeding  1991  1,010 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
Charadrius alexandrinus breeding  90 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  15-20 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  25 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2015 high very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Acıgöl Other Area 0 protected area contains site 0  
Denizli Çardak Beylerli Lake Wildlife Development Areas Game Reserve 919 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Pamukkale Arama Kurtarma ve Doğa Sporları Derneği 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   14%
Forest   14%
Savanna   72%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 20%
Notes: there are three salt factory.
agriculture 10%
rangeland/pastureland 65%
fisheries/aquaculture major
Notes: ried cutting

Protection status National Low International None1,100 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (çaltý Gölü, 1,100 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Acıgöl Lake. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife