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Location Turkey, Manisa
Central coordinates 28o 1.00' East  38o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 6,911 ha
Altitude 79 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description An irrigation reservoir averaging 3,400 ha in area (depth 3-4 m); reedbed (Phragmites) and marsh cover varies according to the water-level. Surrounded by hills to the north and north-east, with Gediz valley to the south and Akhisar valley to the north-west. Flood-plains are used for growing cotton, and cattle-grazing is widespread on the marshes.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding and wintering waterbirds. Pelecanus crispus is thought to breed.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  231-290 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Wigeon Mareca penelope winter  1990  8,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1996  18,690-24,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  25 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  40-80 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  200 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  30 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus breeding  10-15 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  51-362 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  84-100 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1,488-2,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  14,500-18,500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta winter  1992  1,402 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida breeding  100-150 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  24,473-45,278 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 medium unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - motivation unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Tadorna ferruginea Ruddy Shelduck 170 9 - 6 very unfavourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gol Marmara UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 protected area contained by site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  50%
Forest   21%
Other   27%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 15%
water management 100%
hunting 10%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Marmara Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife