email a friend
printable version
Location Turkey, Izmir
Central coordinates 27o 17.00' East  37o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 4,440 ha
Altitude 0 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)



Site description A wetland complex comprising çakal lake (a 74-ha, 4-m-deep freshwater lake), Gebekirse lake (a 75-ha, 5-m-deep brackish lake) and marshes on the alluvial plain north of the Küçük Menderes river. The former Ceva°ir lake floods only in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  35-160 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  10-13 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2011 very high near favourable low
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Artificial - terrestrial   1990 1990 100 moderate (70-90%) near favourable
Wetlands (inland)   1600 1600 100 good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Izmir Selcuk Gebekirse Lake Game Reserve 5,453 protected area contained by site 4,440  
Kucuk Menderes Deltasý SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 1,500 protected area contained by site 1,500  
Lesser Menderes Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  90%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
not utilised 90%

Protection status National High International None1,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Küçük Menderes Deltasý, 1,000 ha). 1,500 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Küçük Menderes Deltasý, 1,500 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lesser Menderes Delta. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife