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Location Turkey, Izmir
Central coordinates 27o 17.00' East  37o 58.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 4,440 ha
Altitude 0 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A wetland complex comprising çakal lake (a 74-ha, 4-m-deep freshwater lake), Gebekirse lake (a 75-ha, 5-m-deep brackish lake) and marshes on the alluvial plain north of the Küçük Menderes river. The former Ceva°ir lake floods only in winter.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  35-160 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  10-13 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high very unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant 51 2 - 4 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Izmir Selcuk Gebekirse Lake Game Reserve 5,453 protected area contained by site 4,440  
Kucuk Menderes Deltasý SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 1,500 protected area contained by site 1,500  
Lesser Menderes Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  90%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
fisheries/aquaculture 5%
not utilised 90%

Protection status National High International None1,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Küçük Menderes Deltasý, 1,000 ha). 1,500 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Küçük Menderes Deltasý, 1,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lesser Menderes Delta. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife