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Location Turkey, Aydin,Mugla
Central coordinates 27o 26.00' East  37o 32.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B2
Area 17,650 ha
Altitude 5 - 861m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A slightly saline lake (max. 6,708 ha, max. depth 25 m) situated south-east of the Büyük Menderes delta (site 022) and enclosed by mountain ranges, except in the west where the land opens towards the Menderes plain. The lake is fed principally by river water, and contains four islands. Its western shores are shallow and support extensive marshes. Fisheries are the main economic activity, and the lake is a popular tourist destination.

Key Biodiversity An important site for breeding waders and large numbers of wintering waterbirds. Pelecanus crispus occurs throughout the year, with birds coming mainly from site 022. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Haliaeetus albicilla (2 breeding pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1989  1,250 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1996  13,852-27,085 individuals  A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus winter  1993  25-74 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  1989  140 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo winter  1993  1,172-2,000 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1996  43,100-68,500 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  30 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  25,005-91,507 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 high near favourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture marine and freshwater aquaculture - scale unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Grus grus Common Crane 12 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bafa Gölü Nature Park 12,281 protected area contained by site 12,281  
Bafa Golu SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 12,281 protected area contains site 12,281  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  20%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  75%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 20%
forestry 20%
tourism/recreation 10%
not utilised 40%

Protection status National High International None12,281 ha of IBA covered by Nature Park (Bafa Gölü, 12,281 ha). 12,281 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Bafa Gölü, 12,281 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bafa Lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife