Site description The IBA lies in the Develi closed basin, surrounded by mountains. The wetland comprises a series of salt, brackish and freshwater lakes, and extensive marshes, and reaches 20,000 ha at its maximum extent. The salt-lakes are surrounded by Salicornia steppe; the southern marshes comprise vast reedbeds (Phragmites) interspersed with expanses of Typha, Juncus and Carex. Human activities include sheep- and cattle-grazing, and reed-cutting (`Other' land-use).
Key Biodiversity The site holds significant numbers of a range of breeding, wintering and passage waterbirds. Large numbers of Phoenicopterus ruber, Grus grus and Recurvirostra avosetta use the wetland in autumn. Chettusia leucura apparently bred in 1996.
Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation
Artificial - terrestrial
Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research
Protection statusNational High International Partial17,200 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Sultansazlýðý, 17,200 ha). 39,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Sultansazlýðý, 45,000 ha). 17,200 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Sultansazlýðý, 17,200 ha). 17,200 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Sultansazlýðý, 17,200 ha).
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BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sultan Marsh. Downloaded from
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