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Location Turkey, Ankara
Central coordinates 32o 46.00' East  39o 43.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1iii, B2
Area 15,050 ha
Altitude 973 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A nutrient-rich, stream-fed freshwater lake (max. 759 ha, max. depth 2.5 m) 20 km south of Ankara. Reedbeds (Phragmites) fringe much of the lake shore, with marshland and wet meadows to the south. The town of Gölbaþý is situated on the north-east shore. Numerous holiday homes have been constructed overlooking the lake, which is also popular for rowing, sailing and angling.

Key Biodiversity Important site for breeding waterbirds, with large numbers of wildfowl occurring in late autumn and early spring (the lake freezes in winter).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1993  673 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca passage  74-200 individuals  A1  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  3-4 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Endangered 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  40 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni passage  300 individuals  A1, B1iii  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra passage  1994  25,000-70,100 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  2001  12 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  20,183-78,590 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 medium unfavourable low
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mogan Golu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  
Mogan Lake Specially Protected Area 0 is identical to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands  10%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  90%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 5%
tourism/recreation 30%
urban/industrial/transport 20%
not utilised 45%

Protection status National None International High1,500 ha of IBA covered by Mediterranean Specially Protected Area (Mogan Gölü, 24,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Mogan lake. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife