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Location Turkey, Konya
Central coordinates 33o 8.00' East  39o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, B3
Area 2,431 ha
Altitude 950 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A shallow brackish lake situated north-west of Tuz lake (site 072), 5 km east of the town of Kulu. Fed mainly by the Kulu stream, the lake is largely devoid of fringe vegetation, except for a small freshwater area in the south. Most of the nine islands are covered with grass in spring and early summer. Non-irrigated arable land, barren steppe and cattle-grazed grass plains surround the lake.

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for breeding waterbirds. In winter the lake normally freezes but occasionally holds significant numbers of wildfowl.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1992  9,718 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea non-breeding  2,000-3,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala non-breeding  140-200 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  200-290 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  20-30 breeding pairs  A1, B1i, B2  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus non-breeding  1,000-4,600 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo passage  2001  3 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  250 breeding pairs  B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii non-breeding  1994  100 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola passage  100-300 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  171-473 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2  Not Recognised 
Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus breeding  490-1,190 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2015 medium unfavourable low
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (unknown use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kulu Golu Other Area 700 protected area contains site 2,431  
Kulu Golu UOSA Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 0 unknown 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
not utilised 90%

Protection status National High International None860 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Kulu Gölü, 860 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kulu Lake. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife