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Location Turkey, Konya
Central coordinates 33o 37.00' East  37o 46.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2
Area 28,370 ha
Altitude 960 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A largely barren plain containing a shallow lake (max. 6,000 ha) fed by run-off from the Karacadað mountain range to the east. Waste water from the township of Karapýnar enters the lake via a drain, around the mouth of which a 200 ha fresh/brackish Phragmites marsh has developed. The lake is surrounded by grasslands and mud plains, and is virtually inaccessible during wet periods. During summer it may dry up completely. Human activities include sheep-grazing.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for breeding waders and wintering wildfowl. 30-50 pairs of Pelecanus onocrotalus were found in 1985 but have apparently not bred since.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1987  14,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea winter  1996  477-900 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  30-90 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2015 high unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (agricultural use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Karapýnar ovasi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 6,000 protected area contained by site 6,000  
Meke Maar Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 202 protected area contained by site 202  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  30%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 60%
hunting 25%
not utilised 15%

Protection status National Partial International None6,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Karapýnar Ovasý, 6,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Karapınar Plain. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

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