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Location Turkey, Karaman,Konya
Central coordinates 33o 4.00' East  37o 33.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 17,400 ha
Altitude 999 m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A large freshwater marsh situated at the southern edge of the Konya plain, fed by surface run-off, stream and spring water. Areas of reedbed (Phragmites) are interspersed with patches of open water. The IBA includes Süleymanhacý, a groundwater-fed saline lake, 6 km south of the main wetland. Extensive areas of steppe and arable land surround the IBA. Reed-cutting is the main economic activity (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding waterbirds, numbers of which have fallen considerably in recent years as a result of low water-levels. Pelecanus crispus is thought to have bred in small numbers until 1990 and Chettusia leucura bred until 1986.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris breeding  1991  20 breeding pairs  A1, A4i, B1i, B2  Vulnerable 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1992  600 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  1991  20 breeding pairs  A1  Near Threatened 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1991  40 breeding pairs  A1, B1i, B2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala passage  1995  204 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  1991  75 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  1998  12 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  30-60 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  1991  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  1991  25 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1985  950 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus breeding  1991  40 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Greater Sandplover Charadrius leschenaultii breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  100 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

1996 very high very unfavourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Marmaronetta angustirostris Marbled Teal 4 0 - 0 very unfavourable
Netta rufina Red-crested Pochard 790 0 - 0 very unfavourable
Aythya nyroca Ferruginous Duck 1 0 - 0 very unfavourable
Ardea alba Great White Egret 4 0 - 0 very unfavourable
Microcarbo pygmaeus Pygmy Cormorant 23 0 - 0 very unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hotamis Sazligi SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 8,000 protected area overlaps with site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  40%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  40%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 10%
hunting 15%
other 15%
agriculture 60%

Protection status National Partial International NoneThe northern half of the IBA covered by SÝT (Hotamýþ Sazlýðý).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hotamış Marshes. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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