|Central coordinates||31o 19.00' East 38o 34.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, B1i, B2|
|Altitude||966 - 967m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Ornithological information The IBA is important for breeding waterbirds, with large mixed heronries on reed islands in Akþehir lake. It used to be of major importance for wintering wildfowl before controls were introduced to the water regime.
Site description Two connected lakes in the Akarçay closed basin. Akþehir (max. 35,300 ha, max. depth 7 m) is a stream-fed tectonic lake, fresh in the west and south, becoming increasingly saline towards the north. Eber (max. 16,800 ha, max. depth 6 m) is situated 4 km to the north-west and is fed by the Akarçay stream. Large areas of reed Phragmites occur in both lakes, which were treated as separate IBAs in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989): Akþehir Gölü (former site TR019) and Eber Gölü (former site TR022).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons||winter||1990||7,568-15,900 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||breeding||-||420-500 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus||passage||1988||680-1,536 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus||breeding||-||50 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia||breeding||-||15 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax||breeding||-||100 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides||breeding||-||70 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Purple Heron Ardea purpurea||breeding||-||50 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||passage||-||150-2,000 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus||breeding||-||50 breeding pairs||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Gull-billed Tern Sterna nilotica||breeding||-||20 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation||100%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations Two dams are under construction on the Akarçay stream, leading to a further reduction in water input to both lakes. Given the reduction in size and increasing salinity of Akþehir lake over the last two decades, there is little hope for its long-term future. Industrial, agricultural and untreated urban pollutants enter the lakes from a variety of sources, leading to severe nutrient loading in Eber lake. Local fisheries have declined as a result of the pollution and decreasing water-levels.
Protection status National High International None52,100 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Akþehir and Eber Gölü, 52,100 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Akşehir and Eber Lakes. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
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