email a friend
printable version
Location Turkey, Afyon,Konya
Central coordinates 31o 19.00' East  38o 34.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2
Area 82,810 ha
Altitude 966 - 967m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description Two connected lakes in the Akarçay closed basin. Akþehir (max. 35,300 ha, max. depth 7 m) is a stream-fed tectonic lake, fresh in the west and south, becoming increasingly saline towards the north. Eber (max. 16,800 ha, max. depth 6 m) is situated 4 km to the north-west and is fed by the Akarçay stream. Large areas of reed Phragmites occur in both lakes, which were treated as separate IBAs in the previous international IBA inventory (Grimmett and Jones 1989): Akþehir Gölü (former site TR019) and Eber Gölü (former site TR022).

Key Biodiversity The IBA is important for breeding waterbirds, with large mixed heronries on reed islands in Akþehir lake. It used to be of major importance for wintering wildfowl before controls were introduced to the water regime.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons winter  1990  7,568-15,900 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina breeding  420-500 individuals  B1i  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  1988  680-1,536 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus breeding  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  15 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  100 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides breeding  70 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  150-2,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus breeding  50 breeding pairs  A1  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica breeding  20 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2015 high very unfavourable medium
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Akşehir Eber Lakes International Wetland Area Other Area 82,810 protected area contained by site 82,810  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 10%
fisheries/aquaculture 50%
hunting 5%
not utilised 35%

Protection status National High International None52,100 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Akþehir and Eber Gölü, 52,100 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Akşehir and Eber Lakes. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife