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Location Turkey, Samsun
Central coordinates 36o 4.00' East  41o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3
Area 30,440 ha
Altitude 0 - 10m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description The largest area of intact wetland on the Turkish Black Sea coast, comprising open water, marsh vegetation (including vast reedbeds), sand-dunes, farmland and remnant woodland (including Alnus/Fraxinus seasonally-flooded forest). The lake edges support Phragmites and Typha; the dunes support maquis-like vegetation. Outside the IBA, the delta is used for grazing and intensive arable production. Reed-cutting is an important economic activity (`Other' land-use).

Key Biodiversity The site is very important for breeding, wintering and passage waterbirds, with over 10,000 waders passing through the delta in spring. Thirty-five species of passerine breed in the forests and Haliaeetus albicilla has bred in the past.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gadwall Mareca strepera breeding  200-250 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Northern Shoveler Spatula clypeata winter  4,564-5,930 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Garganey Spatula querquedula breeding  150-200 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1,826-2,496 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1996  14,952 individuals  A4i, B1i  Vulnerable 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina breeding  300-350 breeding pairs  B2  Vulnerable 
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca breeding  150-200 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 
Melanitta fusca winter  1996  75-97 individuals  B1i  Not Recognised 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1997  1,246 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i  Endangered 
Yelkouan Shearwater Puffinus yelkouan winter  1995  1,000 individuals  A4ii, B1ii  Vulnerable 
Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis winter  1995  5,900 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  30-35 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus passage  3,200 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia breeding  76 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris breeding  1992  200-250 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  475-500 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Egretta garzetta passage  1987  3,200 individuals  A4i, B1i  Not Recognised 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus winter  2002  176 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmaeus passage  1992  180 individuals  A1  Least Concern 
Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina breeding  4-5 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio breeding  50 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  27,511-49,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus breeding  40-50 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Burhinus oedicnemus breeding  40-50 breeding pairs  B2  Not Recognised 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  250-300 breeding pairs  B1i  Not Recognised 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  65-115 breeding pairs  B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus passage  1993  3,000-41,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria breeding  1987  125-175 breeding pairs  B3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  23,140-93,132 individuals  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2015 very high very unfavourable high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - nutrient loads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons  0 0 moderate (70-90%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kizilirmak Delta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 21,700 protected area contained by site 21,700  
Kizilirmak Deltasi Game Reserve 4,000 protected area contained by site 5,174  
Kýzýlýrmak Delta SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 11,000 protected area contained by site 11,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Doğa ve Yaban Hayatı Koruma Derneği 2004


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest  5%
Wetlands (inland) Blanket bogs; Coastal lagoons; Fens, transition mires and springs; Mud flats and sand flats; Rivers and streams; Salt marshes; Water fringe vegetation  70%
Coastline Lagoons; Sand dunes & beaches  5%
Other   20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture 60%
tourism/recreation 15%
agriculture 20%
hunting 15%
other -

Protection status National High International Partial4,000 ha of IBA covered by Permanent Wildlife Reserve (Kýzýlýrmak Deltasý, 4,000 ha). 11,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Kýzýlýrmak Deltasý, 11,000 ha). 11,000 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Kýzýlýrmak Deltasý, 11,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kızılırmak Delta. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife