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Location Turkey, Ankara
Central coordinates 32o 33.00' East  40o 28.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2
Area 14,670 ha
Altitude 900 - 1,849m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description A forested area situated at the northern edge of the barren Central Anatolian plateau, dominated by Pinus nigra with P. sylvestris at higher altitudes. Pasture and scrub (mainly Quercus) occur throughout. The forests are extensively managed except within the National Park, which attracts large numbers of visitors from Ankara.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for a number of species of raptor.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  15 breeding pairs  B2  Endangered 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  3 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus breeding  7-10 breeding pairs  A1, B2  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high favourable medium
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (commercial use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Forest Mixed woodland  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Soguksu MP National Park 1,195 protected area contained by site 1,195  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland  90%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  10%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 50%
tourism/recreation 25%
nature conservation and research 25%

Protection status National Partial International None1,050 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Kýzýlcahamam, 1,050 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kızılcahamam Forests. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife