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Location Turkey, Bursa,Kutahya
Central coordinates 29o 30.00' East  39o 58.00' North
IBA criteria B2
Area 125,100 ha
Altitude 1,250 - 2,543m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Doga Dernegi (Partner Designate)

Site description Situated south of Bursa, this is the highest mountain in western Anatolia. Pinus predominates at lower altitudes; Abies/Fagus forest occurs between 1,500 and 2,000 m; alpine scrub and pasture prevail at higher altitudes. Limestone fields occupy the summit areas; dry montane cliff communities occur to the north of the summit ridge. Several small alpine lakes are found below these cliffs. The area is popular for winter sports.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors. Sitta krueperi and Serinus pusillus are at the western limits of their range on Uludað; this is one of the few known Turkish sites for Aegolius funereus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  5-10 breeding pairs  B2  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 medium not assessed low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - dams (size unknown) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
K Nature Protect Area 1,349 protected area contained by site 1,349  
Uludag SIT (Law on Protection of Cultural and Natural Assets No. 2863) 20,000 protected area contained by site 20,000  
Uludag MP National Park 13,024 protected area contained by site 13,024  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  70%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  10%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  20%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 40%
tourism/recreation 50%
not utilised 10%

Protection status National High International None12,732 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Uludað, 12,732 ha). 20,000 ha of IBA covered by SÝT (Uludað, 20,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Uludağ. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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