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Location Belgium, Région Wallonne
Central coordinates 6o 15.00' East  50o 24.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B1iv, C2, C5, C6
Area 80,304 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium

Site description The site includes the high plateau of the eastern Ardennes, covered by peatbogs, fens and woodland.

Key Biodiversity Species listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive occurring on passage or wintering include Circus aeruginosus, Falco columbarius, Pandion haliaetus and Grus grus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix resident  25-35 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  15-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus breeding  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  2 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  5,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Picus canus resident  6-15 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  100 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Wood Lark Lullula arborea breeding  10-20 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nature reserves in Hautes Fagnes Eiffel Nature Reserve 4,448 protected area contained by site 4,448  
PREV CODE 034 Nature Park 0 protected area overlaps with site 67,800  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  20%
Shrubland Heathland; Scrub  2%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  5%
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Urban parks and gardens  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
forestry 60%
hunting 90%
military 4%
nature conservation and research 10%
tourism/recreation 90%
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 5%

Protection status National Partial International High4,448 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Nature Reserves in Hautes Fagnes Eiffel, 4,448 ha). 67,800 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park. 80,304 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Hautes Fagnes/Eifel, 80,304 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Hautes Fagnes/Eifel. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife