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Location Belgium, Région Wallonne
Central coordinates 5o 39.00' East  50o 24.00' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 41,638 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium

Site description The western ridge of the Fagnes plateau south of Spa, covered by bogs, fens, remnant dry heaths and peaty heaths. The area includes important woodland.

Key Biodiversity Species listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive occurring on passage or wintering include Ciconia nigra, Circus cyaneus, Circus aeruginosus, Falco columbarius, Asio flammeus and Lullula arborea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Grouse Lyrurus tetrix resident  1-5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Boreal Owl Aegolius funereus resident  1-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nature reserves de Malchamps Nature Reserve 15 protected area contained by site 15  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  10%
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  80%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 20%
forestry 70%
hunting -
nature conservation and research 5%
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 1%

Protection status National Low International High15 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Nature Reserves de Malchamps, 15 ha). 41,638 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Malchamps, 41,638 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Malchamps. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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