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Location Belgium, Région Wallonne
Central coordinates 4o 58.00' East  49o 56.00' North
IBA criteria C6
Area 36,610 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium

Site description The site comprises the Belgian part of the Croix-Scaille upland plateau and a stretch of the Semois river, with important deciduous woodlands and well-preserved rivers, and remnant bogs and heaths on the upland plateau.

Key Biodiversity Species listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive occurring on passage or in winter include Milvus migrans, M. milvus, Circus cyaneus, Pandion haliaetus and Lullula arborea.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  2-3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nature reserves of the Croix Scaille Nature Reserve 211 protected area contained by site 211  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  40%
Shrubland Heathland  -
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  65%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 15%
fisheries/aquaculture 1%
forestry 80%
hunting -
nature conservation and research 1%
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National Low International High211 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Nature Reserves of the Croix Scaille, 211 ha). 36,610 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Croix-Scaille, 36,610 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Croix-Scaille. Downloaded from on 25/10/2016

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