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Location Belgium, Région Wallonne
Central coordinates 4o 28.00' East  50o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, C1, C2, C6
Area 83,866 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium



Site description An exceptionally varied zone including parts of the Fagen, Calestienne and Ardennes with semi-natural humid grasslands, dry calcareous grasslands and deciduous woodlands.

Key Biodiversity Species listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive occurring on passage or in winter include Phalacrocorax carbo, Egretta alba, Ciconia ciconia, Falco peregrinus, Falco columbarius, Pandion haliaetus, Pluvialis apricaria, Sterna hirundo and Chlidonias niger.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  3-50 breeding pairs  A1, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  3-6 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  45-55 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Bassin ardennais de l'Eau Noire (Couvin; Viroinval) - BE35031A0 Birds Directive 131 protected area contained by site 131  
Bassin ardennais de l'Eau Noire (Couvin; Viroinval) - BE35031B0 Habitats Directive 107 protected area contained by site 107  
Bassin ardennais du Viroin (Viroinval) - BE35032A0 Birds Directive 366 protected area contained by site 366  
Bassin ardennais du Viroin (Viroinval) - BE35032B0 Habitats Directive 403 protected area contained by site 403  
Bassin de l'Hermeton en aval de Vodelée (Doische; Florennes; Hastière; Philippeville) - BE35018A0 Birds Directive 835 protected area overlaps with site 61  
Bassin de l'Hermeton en aval de Vodelée (Doische; Florennes; Hastière; Philippeville) - BE35018B0 Habitats Directive 989 protected area overlaps with site 215  
Bassin fagnard de l'Eau Blanche en aval de Mariembourg (Couvin; Doische; Philippeville) - BE35028A0 Birds Directive 1,867 protected area contained by site 1,867  
Bassin fagnard de l'Eau Blanche en aval de Mariembourg (Couvin; Doische; Philippeville) - BE35028B0 Habitats Directive 1,363 protected area contained by site 1,363  
Bassin fagnard de l'Eau Noire (Doische; Hastière; Philippeville) - BE35029B0 Habitats Directive 3,460 protected area contained by site 3,460  
Bassin fagnard de l'Eau Noire (Doische; Philippeville) - BE35029A0 Birds Directive 2,818 protected area contained by site 2,818  
Bois de Bourlers et de Baileux (Chimay; Couvin) - BE32038A0 Birds Directive 1,384 protected area contained by site 1,384  
Bois de Bourlers et de Baileux (Chimay; Couvin) - BE32038B0 Habitats Directive 1,203 protected area contained by site 1,203  
Bois de Vieux Sart et de Montbliart (Sivry-Rance) - BE32031C0 Birds Directive 940 protected area contained by site 940  
Bois Massart et forêts de Sivry-Rance (Chimay; Froidchapelle; Sivry-Rance) - BE32034C0 Birds Directive 681 protected area contained by site 681  
Forêts de Rance (Beaumont; Froidchapelle; Sivry-Rance) - BE32032C0 Birds Directive 977 protected area overlaps with site 168  
Haute vallée de l'Eau Noire (Chimay; Couvin) - BE32040A0 Birds Directive 954 protected area contained by site 954  
Haute vallée de l'Eau Noire (Chimay; Couvin) - BE32040B0 Habitats Directive 713 protected area contained by site 713  
Haute vallée de la Thure (Sivry-Rance) - BE32029A0 Birds Directive 441 protected area overlaps with site 41  
Haute vallée de la Thure (Sivry-Rance) - BE32029B0 Habitats Directive 496 protected area overlaps with site 41  
La Calestienne entre Frasnes et Doische (Couvin; Doische; Philippeville; Viroinval) - BE35030A0 Birds Directive 2,057 protected area contained by site 2,057  
La Calestienne entre Frasnes et Doische (Couvin; Doische; Philippeville; Viroinval) - BE35030B0 Habitats Directive 2,662 protected area contained by site 2,662  
La Fagne entre Bailièvre et Robechies (Chimay) - BE32035A0 Birds Directive 310 protected area overlaps with site 221  
La Fagne entre Bailièvre et Robechies (Chimay) - BE32035B0 Habitats Directive 14 protected area overlaps with site 2  
Massif forestier de Cerfontaine (Cerfontaine; Chimay; Couvin; Froidchapelle; Philippeville) - BE35026A0 Birds Directive 3,025 protected area contained by site 3,025  
Massif forestier de Cerfontaine (Cerfontaine; Chimay; Couvin; Froidchapelle; Philippeville) - BE35026B0 Habitats Directive 2,938 protected area contained by site 2,938  
Massifs forestiers entre Momignies et Chimay (Chimay; Momignies) - BE32037A0 Birds Directive 1,819 protected area overlaps with site 572  
Massifs forestiers entre Momignies et Chimay (Chimay; Momignies) - BE32037B0 Habitats Directive 1,867 protected area overlaps with site 572  
Sources de la Hante (Froidchapelle) - BE32033A0 Birds Directive 434 protected area contained by site 434  
Sources de la Hante (Froidchapelle) - BE32033B0 Habitats Directive 533 protected area contained by site 533  
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche à Virelles (Chimay; Couvin; Froidchapelle) - BE32036A0 Birds Directive 1,357 protected area contained by site 1,357  
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche à Virelles (Chimay; Couvin; Froidchapelle) - BE32036B0 Habitats Directive 950 protected area contained by site 950  
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche entre Aublain et Mariembourg (Chimay; Couvin) - BE35027B0 Habitats Directive 1,262 protected area contained by site 1,262  
Vallée de l'Eau Blanche entre Aublain et Mariembourg (Couvin) - BE35027A0 Birds Directive 1,225 protected area contained by site 1,225  
Vallée de la Chinelle (Florennes; Philippeville) - BE35016A0 Birds Directive 816 protected area overlaps with site 129  
Vallée de la Chinelle (Florennes; Philippeville) - BE35016B0 Habitats Directive 918 protected area overlaps with site 220  
Vallée de la Meuse en amont d'Hastière (Beauraing; Doische; Hastière; Houyet) - BE35019A0 Birds Directive 1,438 protected area overlaps with site 495  
Vallée de la Meuse en amont d'Hastière (Beauraing; Doische; Hastière; Houyet) - BE35019B0 Habitats Directive 1,360 protected area overlaps with site 417  
Vallée du Ruisseau d'Alisse (Viroinval) - BE35033B0 Habitats Directive 24 protected area contained by site 24  
Vallée du Ruisseau d'Erpion (Froidchapelle) - BE32042B0 Habitats Directive 6 protected area contained by site 6  
Vallées de l'Oise et de la Wartoise (Chimay; Momignies) - BE32039A0 Birds Directive 460 protected area contained by site 460  
Vallées de l'Oise et de la Wartoise (Chimay; Momignies) - BE32039B0 Habitats Directive 758 protected area overlaps with site 605  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  50%
Shrubland Heathland; Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  45%
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 1%
forestry 60%
hunting 90%
nature conservation and research 1%
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 1%

Protection status National None International High83,866 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse, 83,866 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife