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Location Belgium, Région Wallonne
Central coordinates 4o 28.00' East  50o 5.00' North
IBA criteria A1, C1, C2, C6
Area 83,866 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

BirdLife Belgium

Site description An exceptionally varied zone including parts of the Fagen, Calestienne and Ardennes with semi-natural humid grasslands, dry calcareous grasslands and deciduous woodlands.

Key Biodiversity Species listed on Annex I of the EC Birds Directive occurring on passage or in winter include Phalacrocorax carbo, Egretta alba, Ciconia ciconia, Falco peregrinus, Falco columbarius, Pandion haliaetus, Pluvialis apricaria, Sterna hirundo and Chlidonias niger.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus breeding  20-30 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex breeding  3-50 breeding pairs  A1, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  3-6 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis breeding  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  10-20 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Middle Spotted Woodpecker Leiopicus medius resident  45-55 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 
Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio breeding  100 breeding pairs  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland  50%
Shrubland Heathland; Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland; Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands; Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Fens, transition mires and springs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  -
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land; Urban parks and gardens  45%
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 30%
fisheries/aquaculture 1%
forestry 60%
hunting 90%
nature conservation and research 1%
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 5%
water management 1%

Protection status National None International High83,866 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse, 83,866 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife