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Location Zambia, Northern
Central coordinates 31o 45.00' East  11o 12.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 9,000 ha
Altitude 1,460 - 1,760m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)



Site description An unusual but well-known private estate. At its heart is an enormous manor house around which has grown a thriving community with its own school, post office and clinic. It lies at submontane levels and the surrounding mountainous terrain is, in places, quite dramatic. Lake Ishiba Ngandu, a natural water-body, provides a somewhat rare plateau habitat, with fringing reedbeds and Cyperus papyrus swamp. Elsewhere, miombo is predominant, both in the flatter areas and on the hills, and there are also broad dambos, some mushitu and riparian forest. The soils are poor and, besides cattle production, other economic activity has included production of essential oils. Situated about 70 km north of Mpika, it is easily accessible and there are tourist facilities at Kapisha Hot Springs, some 10 km west of the main estate.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. With its wide range of habitats, the site supports a considerable diversity of birdlife. Gypohierax angolensis is regularly seen, especially around the lake, and Sarothrura lugens, Tyto capensis, Cisticola robustus and Ortygospiza gabonensis are all found in the dambos. Hirundo fuligula, Thamnolaea cinnamomeiventris and Cisticola aberrans are regular in rocky areas and mushitu birds include Sheppardia bocagei and Lamprotornis splendidus. Podica senegalensis and Alcedo semitorquata are found along the rivers and Acrocephalus rufescens inhabits the papyrus swamp where Ardeola idae has been recorded once. Crex crex is occasionally noted, and Gallinago media winters in small numbers. Amongst the Zambezian biome endemics is Ploceus angolensis, at the very eastern edge of its range, and a single species of the Afrotropical Highlands biome, Trochocercus albonotatus, also occurs.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lybius minor resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Whyte's Barbet Stactolaema whytii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Pied Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Laura's Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laurae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Anchieta's Sunbird Anthreptes anchietae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Oustalet's Sunbird Nectarinia oustaleti resident  1998  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-winged Weaver Ploceus angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 low favourable low
  Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

No known threats no known threats happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mansha River Wildlife and Flora Management Area Private Ranch 9,000 is identical to site 9,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   12%
Shrubland   9%
Forest   78%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: Production of essential oils.

References Harvey (1997).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shiwa Ng'andu. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife