|Central coordinates||27o 43.00' East 14o 22.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description Despite its proximity to the main railway line, this enormous wetland remains one of Zambia’s least-explored areas. It comprises swamp, open water and seasonally inundated flood-plain and access is difficult. It is part of the Kafue drainage system and, whilst it usually drains into that river, there are occasions when the reverse occurs. There is much small-scale fishing and presumably much human habitation, but further exploration is required.
Key Biodiversity See Box for key species. The site is very poorly known, but is likely to be very rich in waterbirds. It almost certainly holds important numbers of Grus carunculatus (a breeding resident) and is presumably an important breeding area for many other species. Circus macrourus occurs; Gallinago media and Egretta vinaceigula have not been recorded, but are likely to occur. There have been two sightings of Balaeniceps rex, probably wandering individuals, and there is a record of the very localized Charadrius forbesi. Seven species occur that are restricted to the Zambezian biome (see Table 3).
Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals known to occur include Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||winter||-||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus||resident||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||slow but significant deterioration||high|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive||Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||24%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
References Benson and Irwin (1967).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Lukanga Swamp. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 03/05/2016
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