|Central coordinates||27o 43.00' East 14o 22.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Ornithological information See Box for key species. The site is very poorly known, but is likely to be very rich in waterbirds. It almost certainly holds important numbers of Grus carunculatus (a breeding resident) and is presumably an important breeding area for many other species. Circus macrourus occurs; Gallinago media and Egretta vinaceigula have not been recorded, but are likely to occur. There have been two sightings of Balaeniceps rex, probably wandering individuals, and there is a record of the very localized Charadrius forbesi. Seven species occur that are restricted to the Zambezian biome (see Table 3).
Site description Despite its proximity to the main railway line, this enormous wetland remains one of Zambia’s least-explored areas. It comprises swamp, open water and seasonally inundated flood-plain and access is difficult. It is part of the Kafue drainage system and, whilst it usually drains into that river, there are occasions when the reverse occurs. There is much small-scale fishing and presumably much human habitation, but further exploration is required.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus||winter||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa||resident||1998||-||-||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||-||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||24%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity Mammals known to occur include Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt).
Management considerations General disturbance caused by human activity is likely to be the principal threat and more specific problems may include nest-robbing at breeding colonies. However, further investigation is required.
References Benson and Irwin (1967).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lukanga Swamp. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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