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Location Zambia, Central
Central coordinates 27o 43.00' East  14o 22.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4iii
Area 330,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 m
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description Despite its proximity to the main railway line, this enormous wetland remains one of Zambia’s least-explored areas. It comprises swamp, open water and seasonally inundated flood-plain and access is difficult. It is part of the Kafue drainage system and, whilst it usually drains into that river, there are occasions when the reverse occurs. There is much small-scale fishing and presumably much human habitation, but further exploration is required.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   24%
Shrubland   19%
Forest   55%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -

Other biodiversity Mammals known to occur include Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt).

References Benson and Irwin (1967).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Lukanga Swamp. Downloaded from on 22/10/2014

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