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Location Zambia, Central,North Western,Southern
Central coordinates 26o 0.00' East  15o 23.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Area 2,240,000 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,479m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)



Site description About 200 km west of Lusaka, Zambia’s biggest National Park covers a large area of the Kafue drainage above the flats. The gently undulating terrain is dominated by a miombo–dambo mosaic and in the south there are patches of mopane and mutemwa (notably the Ngoma forest). In the north-west corner of the park are the Busanga swamps and surrounding flood-plain, and along the major rivers is riparian forest. Near the point where the Kafue leaves the park is the Itezhi-Tezhi dam, behind which an area of between 300–400 km² has been flooded. In the rains, most roads become impassable. There are a number of tourist lodges within the park, some of which allow camping, and there are also some seasonal camps.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
African Openbill Anastomus lamelligerus winter  1,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
African Spoonbill Platalea alba winter  150 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Slaty Egret Egretta vinaceigula winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  common  A1  Vulnerable 
Caspian Plover Charadrius asiaticus winter  200 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Black-cheeked Lovebird Agapornis nigrigenis resident  1998  100 individuals  medium  A1, A2, A3, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bradfield's Hornbill Lophoceros bradfieldi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Meves's Glossy-starling Lamprotornis mevesii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Anchieta's Sunbird Anthreptes anchietae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Shelley's Sunbird Nectarinia shelleyi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-backed Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser rufoscapulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lybius minor resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Miombo Pied Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zambian Barbet Lybius chaplini resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kafue National Park 2,240,000 is identical to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   7%
Shrubland   36%
Forest   55%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Other biodiversity A wide variety of mammals are known to occur, including Lycaon pictus (EN), Acinonyx jubatus (VU), Loxodonta africana (EN), Cephalophus silvicultor (LR/nt) and Pipistrellus anchietae (VU). A tiny number of Diceros bicornis (CR) may still survive, though these are unlikely to represent a viable population.

References Brooke (1966), Clarke and Loe (1974).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kafue National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife