|Central coordinates||27o 2.00' East 16o 37.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3|
|Altitude||1,180 - 1,280m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Ornithological information See Box and Table 3 for key species. Species of global conservation concern include the Zambian endemic Lybius chaplini, which is common in suitable habitat. The area holds a good number of Zambezian biome endemics, six Francolinus species occur and some of the more localized species include Anas sparsa, Stephanoaetus coronatus and Pachycoccyx audeberti. Colossal roosts of Hirundo rustica are regular in the reedbeds below the hot springs during the early rains. Recently, Buphagus erythrorhynchus has been recorded regularly and there are hopes that it will recolonize the area naturally, having been wiped out by poisonous cattle-dips in the past. Among other species of global conservation concern, Crex crex and Gallinago media are wintering visitors, while Circus macrourus (winters in some years) and Falco naumanni are both regular on passage, and Egretta vinaceigula, Phoenicopterus minor, Grus carunculatus and Glareola nordmanni have all been recorded as vagrants.
Site description Nkanga comprises three private farms on the Southern Province Plateau, just north-east of Choma. Much of the area is fenced game farm, and the remainder includes various crops (maize, coffee, tobacco) and livestock (beef and dairy cattle, sheep). Tourists are welcome and there is a campsite as well as catered accommodation. The habitat is a mosaic of miombo, munga and thicket, interspersed with dambos and several open grassy plains. There are a number of dams, some permanent hot springs and scattered kopjes. The rocky Nkanga river and its tributaries are flanked by dense riparian thicket.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Corncrake Crex crex||winter||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Great Snipe Gallinago media||winter||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Racket-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Barbet Tricholaema frontata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Zambian Barbet Lybius chaplini||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A3||Vulnerable|
|Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Shelley's Sunbird Nectarinia shelleyi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Twinspot Indigobird Vidua codringtoni||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Nkanga river||Conservation Area||0||is identical to site||9,700|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||6%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.
Management considerations Despite continual poaching, the area has been actively protected for several decades and is rich in indigenous fauna, both within and outside the game farm. There are probably no serious threats to the birdlife. Gamebirds are shot, sometimes in considerable numbers (mainly Numida meleagris and Francolinus species), but there is careful management to ensure sustainable take-off.
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nkanga River Conservation Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife