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Location Zambia, Southern,Western
Central coordinates 25o 15.00' East  17o 3.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Area 477,000 ha
Altitude 950 - 1,110m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description An area dominated by mopane woodland, with some grassland, flood-plain, thicket, mutemwa forest and munga. It covers sections of the mid-Machile, Simatanga, Sichifulo and Sala rivers, though there are very few permanent sources of surface water. The area is bisected by the Livingstone–Mulobezi railway line and there are small villages scattered throughout.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. This is the stronghold of Agapornis nigrigenis and supports c.5,500 individuals (over half the known population). Among other species of global conservation concern, Falco naumanni is a passage migrant and non-breeding visitor, while Grus carunculatus is a breeding visitor. One species of the Kalahari–Highveld biome (A11), Lamprotornis australis, occurs at this site.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals known to occur include Pedetes capensis (VU).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus breeding  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-cheeked Lovebird Agapornis nigrigenis resident  1998  5,500 adults only  good  A1, A2, A3, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bradfield's Hornbill Lophoceros bradfieldi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Meves's Glossy-starling Lamprotornis mevesii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high not assessed low

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Machili Forest Reserve 47,783 protected area contained by site 47,783  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   34%
Shrubland   53%
Forest   11%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
hunting -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection.

References Dodman (no date = 1996).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Machile. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

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