email a friend
printable version
Location Zambia, North Western
Central coordinates 24o 30.00' East  12o 50.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 445,000 ha
Altitude 1,100 - 1,400m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)



Site description The site is conveniently divided into two parts, bisected from north to south by the West Lunga river. Lukwakwa Game Management Area constitutes the western half and its western boundary is the Mwinilunga–Kabompo road. The most important habitat is mavunda forest, which covers a substantial proportion of the area, and there are also grasslands such as the Mayau plain and woodlands of various formations. West Lunga National Park, the eastern half, stretches to the Kabompo river and the habitat is similar, though there is less mavunda and more miombo.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Mayau, the type locality (and only one known) of Pogoniulus makawai, lies on the western boundary of the site. This locality therefore remains the most likely area of occurrence for the species, if it is a valid taxon. A wide range of Zambezian biome endemics occur at the site and, among the other species of global conservation concern (apart from Pogoniulus makawai), Grus carunculatus is regular and almost certainly breeds, and Gallinago media is a non-breeding visitor in moderate numbers, while Egretta vinaceigula is only a vagrant. Neotis denhami has been recorded in Lukwakwa Game Management Area. Other characteristic species of mavunda at the site include Guttera pucherani, Campephaga quiscalina, Batis margaritae and Telophorus viridis. Other notable species include Indicator exilis, Ploceus angolensis and two species of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome, Columba iriditorques and Cercococcyx olivinus.

Non-bird biodiversity: Mammals include Cephalophus silvicultor (LR/nt) and the National Park has perhaps one of the largest protected populations of Tragelaphus spekii (LR/nt) in Zambia though poaching has reduced the numbersof most large mammals in recent years Small. Butterflies include Mylothris mavunda which is, on present evidence, endemic to the area, while the site is also the stronghold of Charaxes variata.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lybius minor resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawai unknown  1998  present  A1  Data Deficient 
White-chested Tinkerbird Pogoniulus makawai resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Data Deficient 
Miombo Pied Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Coppery-tailed Coucal Centropus cupreicaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Racquet-tailed Roller Coracias spatulatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Böhm's Bee-eater Merops boehmi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boulton's Batis Batis margaritae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chirping Cisticola Cisticola pipiens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tabora Cisticola Cisticola angusticauda resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Babbler Turdoides hartlaubii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharp-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis acuticaudus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bar-winged Weaver Ploceus angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Firefinch Lagonosticta nitidula resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 medium favourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  Unknown  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Lukwakwa Game Management Area 254,000 protected area contained by site 254,000  
West Lunga National Park 168,400 protected area contained by site 168,400  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   99%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West Lunga National Park and Lukwakwa Game Management Area. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife