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Location Zambia, North Western
Central coordinates 24o 19.00' East  11o 15.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 3,200 ha
Altitude 1,350 - 1,430m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)



Site description Hillwood is one of the few large-scale farms in northern Mwinilunga District and around it has grown a thriving community. As well as cattle and maize, a private game reserve has been established (2,000 ha) with camping facilities and the farm sees a steady trickle of the more adventurous tourists. The farm is bisected by the Sakeji river. Over much of the area, the vegetation remains largely undisturbed. The three dominant habitats are grassy plains (wet and dry), miombo and mushitu (the local name for the last is ‘lito’).

Key Biodiversity See Box and Table 3 for key species. Although Hillwood is home to a wide variety of miombo and dambo birds, it is the forest species that comprise the most important element. Most belong to the Guinea–Congo Forests biome and, within Zambia, many are restricted to this small area, including Baeopogon indicator, Neocossyphus fraseri, Apalis rufogularis and Nectarinia batesi. Other notable forest species include Halcyon malimbica, Indicator exilis, I. meliphilus, Cossypha polioptera and Nectarinia bannermani. In the grassland Mirafra angolensis, Hirundo nigrorufa and Cisticola dambo are common, Neotis denhami and Turnix hottentotta are regular and Anthus brachyurus scarce. Neolestes torquatus and Cisticola lateralis are both common in scrub. Among species of global conservation concern, Crex crex is a (probably regular) wintering visitor and passage migrant, Gallinago media a regular wintering visitor, Falco naumanni an irregular passage migrant, and Grus carunculatus a vagrant. There are recent records of Sarothrura pulchra and Campethera caroli. One species of the Afrotropical Highlands biome also occurs: Bradypterus alfredi.

Non-bird biodiversity: The butterfly Eicochrysops pinheyi, a Zambian endemic, is quite common. Several amphibians, reptiles and dragonflies with limited distributions in Zambia are known to occur and it is likely that the area holds much flora and fauna that is similarly restricted.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lybius minor resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Miombo Pied Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Lophoceros pallidirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boulton's Batis Batis margaritae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-rufous Swallow Hirundo nigrorufa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Swallow Hirundo rufigula resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Lark Mirafra angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Cisticola Cisticola dambo resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Laura's Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laurae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bannerman's Sunbird Nectarinia bannermani resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bocage's Weaver Ploceus temporalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2005 medium unfavourable low
  Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  Unknown  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hillwood Farms Private Ranch 2,000 protected area contained by site 2,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   29%
Forest   70%
Grassland   1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hillwood. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

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