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Location Zambia, North Western
Central coordinates 24o 19.00' East  11o 15.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 3,200 ha
Altitude 1,350 - 1,430m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

Zambian Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)



Site description Hillwood is one of the few large-scale farms in northern Mwinilunga District and around it has grown a thriving community. As well as cattle and maize, a private game reserve has been established (2,000 ha) with camping facilities and the farm sees a steady trickle of the more adventurous tourists. The farm is bisected by the Sakeji river. Over much of the area, the vegetation remains largely undisturbed. The three dominant habitats are grassy plains (wet and dry), miombo and mushitu (the local name for the last is ‘lito’).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Dickinson's Kestrel Falco dickinsoni resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-spotted Flufftail Sarothrura pulchra resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present [units unknown]  A1  Least Concern 
Great Snipe Gallinago media winter  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
Afep Pigeon Columba unicincta resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Western Bronze-naped Pigeon Columba iriditorques resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Olive Long-tailed Cuckoo Cercococcyx olivinus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-billed Hornbill Tockus pallidirostris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Barbet Tricholaema frontata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-backed Barbet Lybius minor resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-eared Woodpecker Campethera caroli resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Boulton's Batis Batis margaritae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Souza's Shrike Lanius souzae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Paradise-flycatcher Terpsiphone rufiventer resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-bellied Tit Parus rufiventris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Tit Parus griseiventris resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-and-rufous Swallow Hirundo nigrorufa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Swallow Hirundo rufigula resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Angola Lark Mirafra angolensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-tailed Cisticola Cisticola dambo resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Apalis rufogularis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Not Recognised 
Miombo Wren-warbler Camaroptera undosa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Honeyguide Greenbul Baeopogon indicator resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Common Bristlebill Bleda syndactylus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bamboo Warbler Bradypterus alfredi resident  1998    Least Concern 
Laura's Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus laurae resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-necked Eremomela Eremomela atricollis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Red-capped Crombec Sylvietta ruficapilla resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Flycatcher-thrush Stizorhina fraseri resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Kurrichane Thrush Turdus libonyanus resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Scrub-robin Erythropygia barbata resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Black-chat Myrmecocichla arnoti resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Rock-thrush Monticola angolensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Boehm's Flycatcher Muscicapa boehmi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bates's Sunbird Nectarinia batesi resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bannerman's Sunbird Nectarinia bannermani resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Green-throated Sunbird Nectarinia rubescens resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
White-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia talatala resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Miombo Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia manoensis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Bocage's Weaver Ploceus temporalis resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Broad-tailed Paradise-whydah Vidua obtusa resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Fuelleborn's Longclaw Macronyx fuellebornii resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Seedeater Serinus mennelli resident  1998  present [units unknown]  A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hillwood Farms Private Ranch 2,000 protected area contained by site 2,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   29%
Forest   70%
Grassland   1%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

Other biodiversity The butterfly Eicochrysops pinheyi, a Zambian endemic, is quite common. Several amphibians, reptiles and dragonflies with limited distributions in Zambia are known to occur and it is likely that the area holds much flora and fauna that is similarly restricted.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hillwood. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 17/04/2014

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