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Location South Africa, Western Cape
Central coordinates 20o 29.00' East  34o 26.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4iii
Area 40,000 ha
Altitude 0 - 611m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary De Hoop Nature Reserve is situated near the southern tip of the African continent and comprises a unique diversity of natural habitats and at least 260 bird species have been recorded at the reserve; 97 are waterbirds, primarily dependent on the Ramsar-designated De Hoop Vlei. The vlei on average supports over 8 000 birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Duck Anas undulata winter  319-4,626 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cape Shoveler Spatula smithii winter  604-3,004 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus winter  95-180 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  1,473 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Red-knobbed Coot Fulica cristata winter  2,886-24,400 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini winter  50-70 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata resident  1998  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Cape Long-billed Lark Certhilauda curvirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia violacea resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Siskin Serinus totta resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Coastline   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Sea   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Anas undulata Yellow-billed Duck 1 4626 adults only 100 favourable
Spatula smithii Cape Shoveler 3000 3004 adults only 100 favourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 1473 1473 adults only 100 favourable
Phoeniconaias minor Lesser Flamingo 1715 1715 adults only 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site 553,000 protected area overlaps with site 17,937  
De Hoop Marine Protected Area 28,892 protected area contained by site 23,000  
De Hoop Provincial Nature Reserve 32,160 protected area contained by site 40,000  
De Hoop Vlei Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 750 protected area contained by site 750  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  -
Sea Rock stacks & coastal islets  -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches; Sea cliffs & rocky shores; Shallow marine waters; Shingle & stony beaches  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: De Hoop Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 27/04/2015

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