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Location South Africa, Western Cape
Central coordinates 22o 4.00' East  33o 20.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 500,000 ha
Altitude 700 - 2,325m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The Swartberg range drain numerous catchments that supply water to the arid Karoo and are the lifeblood of many major river systems. The Swartberg is deeply incised by the Buffels, Gamka, Seweweeks and Meiringspoort rivers. At high-altitudes the sclerophyllous fynbos is home to Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis, Orange-breasted Sunbird Anthobaphes violacea, Cape Siskin Crithagra totta.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus resident  present  A1  Least Concern 
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Victorin's Scrub-warbler Bradypterus victorini resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Rock-jumper Chaetops frenatus resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia violacea resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Protea Canary Serinus leucopterus resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Siskin Serinus totta resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Anysberg Provincial Nature Reserve 46,530 protected area contained by site 34,000  
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site 553,000 protected area overlaps with site 96,473  
Groot Swartberg Provincial Nature Reserve 83,927 protected area contained by site 81,496  
Klein Swartberg Mountain Catchment Area 26,548 protected area contained by site 17,999  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 28%
tourism/recreation -
water management 36%
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Swartberg mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife