email a friend
printable version
Location South Africa, Western Cape
Central coordinates 18o 5.00' East  33o 9.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 27,600 ha
Altitude 0 - 60m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The West Coast National Park adjoins the town of Langebaan approximately 100 km north of Cape Town. The Park includes Langebaan Lagoon, a wetland of international importance and a designated Ramsar site. Over 250 bird species have been recorded in the Park. Langebaan Lagoon regularly supports more than 37 500 waterbirds in summer.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Jackass Penguin Spheniscus demersus resident  frequent  A1  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  3,791-8,724 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cape Gannet Morus capensis resident  20,200 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Gannet Morus capensis winter  40,000-50,000 individuals  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis resident  4,000-10,000 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis winter  12,000-32,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus resident  220-300 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus winter  500-600 individuals  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus resident  500-600 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus winter  1,000-1,200 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini resident  150-170 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini winter  528-607 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta non-breeding  127-307 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola winter  3,643-8,228 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius winter  1,000-2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus winter  2,000-4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  1,963-4,587 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Red Knot Calidris canutus winter  2,504-6,219 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Sanderling Calidris alba winter  1,229-2,643 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea winter  17,940-25,347 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus breeding  500-3,347 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus winter  1,407-8,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii breeding  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii winter  5,000-7,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii breeding  50-4,070 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii winter  203-9,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo winter  1,299-9,658 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds resident  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cape West Coast UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 378,240 protected area contains site 27,600  
Langebaan Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 6,000 protected area contained by site 6,000  
West Coast National Park 24,182 protected area contained by site 32,494  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons; Salt marshes  -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
other -
nature conservation and research 100%

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife