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Location South Africa, Western Cape
Central coordinates 18o 5.00' East  33o 9.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Area 27,600 ha
Altitude 0 - 60m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The West Coast National Park adjoins the town of Langebaan approximately 100 km north of Cape Town. The Park includes Langebaan Lagoon, a wetland of international importance and a designated Ramsar site. Over 250 bird species have been recorded in the Park. Langebaan Lagoon regularly supports more than 37 500 waterbirds in summer.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
African Penguin Spheniscus demersus resident  frequent  A1  Endangered 
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus winter  3,791-8,724 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Cape Gannet Morus capensis resident  20,200 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Gannet Morus capensis winter  40,000-50,000 individuals  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis resident  4,000-10,000 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Cape Cormorant Phalacrocorax capensis winter  12,000-32,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus resident  220-300 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Bank Cormorant Phalacrocorax neglectus winter  500-600 individuals  A1, A4i  Endangered 
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus resident  500-600 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Crowned Cormorant Microcarbo coronatus winter  1,000-1,200 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini resident  150-170 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
African Oystercatcher Haematopus moquini winter  528-607 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta non-breeding  127-307 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola winter  3,643-8,228 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Kittlitz's Plover Charadrius pecuarius winter  1,000-2,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
White-fronted Plover Charadrius marginatus winter  2,000-4,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres winter  1,963-4,587 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Red Knot Calidris canutus winter  2,504-6,219 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Sanderling Calidris alba winter  1,229-2,643 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea winter  17,940-25,347 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus breeding  500-3,347 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus winter  1,407-8,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii breeding  2,000-3,000 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Gull Larus hartlaubii winter  5,000-7,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii breeding  50-4,070 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii winter  203-9,000 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Common Tern Sterna hirundo winter  1,299-9,658 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - seabirds resident  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed high
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification marine and freshwater aquaculture - industrial aquaculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - sewage happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors shipping lanes happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Salt marshes  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Spheniscus demersus African Penguin 1600 456 breeding pairs 29 very unfavourable
Phoenicopterus roseus Greater Flamingo 8724 7183 individuals 83 near favourable
Morus capensis Cape Gannet 50000 30000 individuals 60 unfavourable
Phalacrocorax neglectus Bank Cormorant 300 62 breeding pairs 21 very unfavourable
Phalacrocorax capensis Cape Cormorant 32000 848 individuals 3 very unfavourable
Microcarbo coronatus Crowned Cormorant 1200 308 individuals 26 very unfavourable
Circus maurus Black Harrier 30 7 individuals 24 very unfavourable
Haematopus moquini African Oystercatcher 607 137 individuals 23 very unfavourable
Recurvirostra avosetta Pied Avocet 307 249 individuals 82 near favourable
Pluvialis squatarola Grey Plover 8228 6432 individuals 79 near favourable
Charadrius pecuarius Kittlitz's Plover 2000 348 individuals 18 very unfavourable
Calidris canutus Red Knot 6219 2521 individuals 41 unfavourable
Calidris alba Sanderling 2643 7441 individuals 100 favourable
Calidris ferruginea Curlew Sandpiper 25347 24951 individuals 99 favourable
Sterna hirundo Common Tern 9658 2026 individuals 21 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cape West Coast UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 378,240 protected area contains site 27,600  
Langebaan Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 6,000 protected area contained by site 6,000  
West Coast National Park 24,182 protected area contained by site 32,494  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Coastal lagoons; Salt marshes  -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
other -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: West Coast National Park and Saldanha Bay islands. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife