|Location||South Africa, Eastern Cape,Western Cape|
|Central coordinates||23o 42.00' East 33o 37.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A3|
|Altitude||376 - 1,757m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description The Kouga–Baviaanskloof complex encompasses large areas of mountainous terrain in the western portion of the Eastern Cape. The Kouga and Baviaanskloof ranges are c.120 km long and run parallel to one another from Uniondale in the west to Patensie in the east. The Baviaanskloof valley, which separates the ranges, lies c.40 km due north of the coastline, and to the south the Langkloof and Tsitsikamma ranges separate these mountains from the coast. The larger and more extensive Kouga range contains many high peaks at its central and western extent, up to 1,757 m. The eastern edge of the range is less rugged, and consists of plateaus and rolling hills falling below 900 m. Relative to Kouga, the linear Baviaanskloof range is far narrower and much more uniform in shape, peaking at 1,625 m. The north-facing slopes drop steeply into the Great Karoo.Three main rivers drain the area: the Baviaans and Kouga rivers flow eastwards into the Kouga Dam, and the Groot river flows through a spectacular gorge before joining the Gamtoos river, which runs to the coast. The mainly leached and acid soils support mesic mountain fynbos. Trees of Pappea, Schotia and Euclea are common. Patches of Afromontane forest occur in deep, secluded, mesic gorges and are dominated by trees of Cunonia, Halleria, Pterocelastrus, Rapanea and Podocarpus. Arid veld occurs on the xeric northern slopes, dominated by Aloe, Euphorbia and Crassula. Spekboomveld is found on the steepest slopes at lowest altitude and is dominated by Portulacaria and Putterlickia. On the plains of the Great Karoo, karroid scrub appears, dominated by Tetragonia, Pteronia, Euclea, Euphorbia, Crassula and Cotyledon.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black Harrier Circus maurus||resident||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus||resident||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata||resident||1998||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus||resident||-||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Victorin's Scrub-warbler Bradypterus victorini||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Cape Rock-jumper Chaetops frenatus||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Orange-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia violacea||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer||resident||1998||present||-||A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Protea Canary Serinus leucopterus||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Cape Siskin Serinus totta||resident||1998||present||-||A1, A2, A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Baviaanskloof||State Forest||66,611||protected area contained by site||66,611|
|Baviaanskloof Conservation Area||Provincial Nature Reserve||27,251||protected area contained by site||15,493|
|Cape Floral Region Protected Areas||World Heritage Site||553,000||protected area overlaps with site||144,568|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Montane forest - mixed||-|
|Shrubland||Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Other biodiversity This area is thought to hold in excess of 2,000 plant species, and there are many endemic species of Ericaceae and Restionaceae in the southern Kouga–Baviaanskloof complex. Among herptiles, Goggia hewitti has most of its global range restricted to the Baviaanskloof mountains and the rare Lamprophis fuscus (LR/nt) has been recorded here, as has the highly localized Heleophryne regis and an as-yet-undescribed species of Bradypodion.
References Cowling (1992), Euston-Brown (1995), McGill (1992), Richardson et al. (1992), van Wilgen et al. (1992).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kouga - Baviaanskloof Complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/07/2014
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