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Location South Africa, Eastern Cape,Western Cape
Central coordinates 23o 42.00' East  33o 37.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 172,000 ha
Altitude 376 - 1,757m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The Kouga–Baviaanskloof Complex encompasses large areas of mountainous terrain in the western portion of the Eastern Cape. The KIBA and the surrounding plains hold a remarkable number of avian habitats, making it home to approximately 300 bird species. The mountain ranges hold all the Cape Fynbos restricted-range and biome-restricted assemblage birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Francolin Pternistis capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata resident  1998  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus resident  present  A1  Least Concern 
Cape Bulbul Pycnonotus capensis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Victorin's Scrub-warbler Bradypterus victorini resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Rock-jumper Chaetops frenatus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Orange-breasted Sunbird Nectarinia violacea resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Sugarbird Promerops cafer resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Protea Canary Serinus leucopterus resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 
Cape Siskin Serinus totta resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Baviaanskloof State Forest 66,611 protected area contained by site 66,611  
Baviaanskloof Conservation Area Provincial Nature Reserve 27,251 protected area contained by site 15,493  
Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage Site 553,000 protected area overlaps with site 144,568  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Montane forest - mixed  -
Shrubland Shrubland - Cape (fynbos)  -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
tourism/recreation -
water management 15%
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kouga - Baviaanskloof Complex. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/08/2014

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