|Location||South Africa, Eastern Cape|
|Central coordinates||24o 32.00' East 32o 15.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4ii|
|Altitude||805 - 1,565m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description This reserve is located in the southern foothills of the curving Sneeuberg range on the central Great Karoo plains. It is unusual in that it virtually surrounds the historic town of Graaff-Reinet. Both the reserve and town are included in the IBA. The reserve is largely mountainous and it ranges in altitude from the Sundays river up to the impressive peaks at Spandaukop (1,316 m), Valley of Desolation (1,399 m) and the tallest in the region, Drie Koppe (1,565 m) in the east. The northern edge of the Camdeboo Plain is located within the reserve. This plain is a large basin that is sharply dissected by the Sundays river and its tributaries, the Vöel, Melk, Klip and Swart rivers. The Van Rhyneveld’s Pass Dam, on the Sundays river, falls within the reserve and covers 1,000 ha when full.The reserve’s vegetation is transitional between the characteristic scrub of the Great Karoo and the typical thornveld and bush clumps of the Eastern Cape, which accounts for the considerable diversity of veld-types found here. Dwarf shrubs dominate the karroid scrub, which covers much of the plains and lower escarpment, together with succulents and grasses. Dense and extensive thornveld, dominated by Acacia, forms belts of riverine woodland lining the mostly dry riverbeds that stretch throughout the plains of the reserve. The hills are essentially grassveld. The lower slopes of the mountains, especially where north-facing, are covered with dense stands of succulent mountain scrub, characterized by spekboom Portulacaria. Shrubland grows on rocky slopes and ridges, and includes Rhus, Maytenus, Lycium, Grewia, Buddleja and Olea.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||winter||-||500-3,000 individuals||-||A1, A4ii||Least Concern|
|Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Endangered|
|Karoo Bustard Eupodotis vigorsii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus||resident||-||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Namaqua Warbler Phragmacia substriata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Layard's Warbler Sylvia layardi||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pale-winged Starling Onychognathus nabouroup||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Sicklewing Chat Cercomela sinuata||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Karoo Chat Cercomela schlegelii||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-headed Canary Serinus alario||resident||1998||present [units unknown]||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Camdeboo||National Park||14,745||protected area contained by site||14,672|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||94%|
|nature conservation and research||10%|
Other biodiversity The snake Bitis inornata (VU) has a minuscule range, confined to the Sneëuberg, near Graaff-Reinet, and it may occur within the reserve. The reserve supports other reptiles: Bradypodion karrooicum, Homopus boulengeri, H. femoralis, Psammobates tentorius, Chersina angulata, Lamprophis guttatus, Pseudocordylus microlepidotus, Pachydactylus capensis, P. bibronii, P. maculatus and P. mariquensis. It is conservation policy to restock the reserve with game species that roamed these plains prior to human intervention, and the threatened endemic mammal Equus zebra (VU) has been reintroduced.
References Allan (1989, 1994c, 1995b), Martin et al. (1991), Palmer (1989a,b), Pepler (1994a,b).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Camdeboo National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 15/03/2014
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