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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 30o 10.00' East  31o 0.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Area 3,257 ha
Altitude 0 - 447m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary Located 5 km west of Port Edward, Umtamvuna Nature Reserve occupies the eastern side of a steep gorge on the Umtamvuna River. The river gorge meanders through the reserve for 25 km before it enters the Indian Ocean. The Umtamvuna Gorge hold one of the only coastal colonies of Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres in South Africa as well as Black Stork Ciconia nigra and Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres resident  40-48 breeding pairs  A1, A4ii  Vulnerable 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  100-150 individuals  A4ii  Vulnerable 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Knysna Woodpecker Campethera notata resident  1998  present  A1, A2  Near Threatened 
Olive Bush-shrike Telophorus olivaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Scrub-warbler Bradypterus barratti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Spotted Ground-thrush Zoothera guttata winter  present  A1  Endangered 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown Scrub-robin Erythropygia signata resident  1998  present  A2  Least Concern 
Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Canary Serinus scotops resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Umtamvuna Provincial Nature Reserve 2,559 protected area contains site 3,257  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Artificial - terrestrial   15%
Forest   84%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Umtamvuna Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife