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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 29o 29.00' East  30o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 120 ha
Altitude 1,300 m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The site is located 5 km northeast of Kokstad, at an altitude of 1 300 m a.s.l. It lies within a narrow finger of Highland Sourveld to Cymbopogon–Themeda Veld Transition. It occupies the valley bottom along the meandering course of the Manzimnyama River amidst agricultural land. This site contains White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi winter  present  A1  Critically Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high very unfavourable negligible
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Grassland   0 0 poor (40-69%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Sarothrura ayresi White-winged Flufftail 4 4 individuals 100 not assessed
Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane 3 3 individuals 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Penny Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

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