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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 29o 25.00' East  30o 18.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 5,244 ha
Altitude 1,224 - 1,411m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary Franklin Vlei is a large complex wetland that has several areas of significance. The first of these is Vogelvlei, which is comparatively undisturbed. The second significant area is the causeway that crosses a wet zone of the vlei near Franklin village. Franklin Vlei has the largest known White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi population in South Africa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Flufftail Sarothrura ayresi winter  1998  40-75 individuals  A1, A4i  Critically Endangered 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus resident  1 breeding pairs  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed negligible
  unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - agro-industry plantations happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather storms and floods likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Grassland   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 poor (40-69%) poor (40-69%) very unfavourable

Balearica regulorum Grey Crowned-crane 4 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Bugeranus carunculatus Wattled Crane 8 6 breeding pairs 75 near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   14%
Shrubland   70%
Forest   14%
Grassland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 1%
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Franklin Vlei. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 22/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife