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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 29o 53.00' East  29o 42.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 8,759 ha
Altitude 935 - 1,586m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary The reserve centre lies 11 km due south of Impendle town, and about 50 km west of Pietermaritzburg. The terrain is undulating, steep and rocky at the highest points, and dissected with small river drainage lines that fall over a minor escarpment as they join the Umkomaas River. The site is predominantly grassland. The vlei is very good for African Marsh Harrier Circus ranivorus, Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum and occasionnaly Wattled Crane Bugeranus carunculatus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding  1998  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Bush Blackcap Lioptilus nigricapillus resident  1998  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Impendle Nature Reserve 8,759 is identical to site 8,759  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland   -
Shrubland   11%
Forest   88%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
water management 30%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Impendle Nature Reserve. Downloaded from on 26/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife