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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 31o 52.00' East  28o 11.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 96,453 ha
Altitude 90 - 580m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The Hluhluwe–Umfolozi Park lies 20 km northwest of Mtubatuba, at the junction of the coastal plain and the foothills of the KwaZulu-Natal interior. The Park is known to support over 400 bird species, about 46% of the species found in the southern African sub-region. The bird diversity within the Park can be attributed to the variety of habitats in this area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  1998  present  A3  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rudd's Apalis Apalis ruddi resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Nectarinia veroxii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-breasted Seedeater Serinus citrinipectus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high not assessed high
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) moderate to rapid deterioration low

Shrubland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Geronticus calvus Southern Bald Ibis 20 30 adults only 100 favourable
Gyps coprotheres Cape Vulture 20 20 adults only 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Hluhluwe-umfolozi Provincial Nature Reserve 90,013 protected area contains site 96,453  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry  -
Shrubland Scrub - woodland  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
agriculture -
water management 60%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 18/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife