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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 29o 57.00' East  27o 57.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 5,984 ha
Altitude 1,240 - 1,290m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary Located 26 km south of Newcastle, Chelmsford Nature Reserve features a gently undulating landscape with lightly wooded hills and flat-bottomed valleys. Altitude range is 1 240–1 290 m a.s.l. The Chelmsford Dam, a large, man-made impoundment, and the Ngagane River are the dominant features in the area. 

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  40-60 breeding pairs  A1, A4i  Vulnerable 
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus winter  80-150 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue Bustard Eupodotis caerulescens resident  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus resident  present  A1  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2013 high not assessed high
unset
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now whole area/population (>90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - large dams likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Grassland Grassland - montane  0 0 poor (40-69%) moderate (70-90%) very unfavourable

Geronticus calvus Southern Bald Ibis 150 80 individuals 54 unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Chelmsford Dam Provincial Nature Reserve 5,983 protected area contains site 5,984  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - montane  -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
agriculture -
nature conservation and research -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Chelmsford Nature Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

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