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Location South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
Central coordinates 32o 17.00' East  27o 40.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i
Area 36,474 ha
Altitude 30 - 480m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary The Mkuze Game Reserve is situated on the subtropical Moçambique coastal plain. The topography of the area is mainly flat or gently undulating and intersected by seasonal drainage lines alternating with low ridges. Mkuze Game Reserve supports about 420 species of birds, the richest area for its size in the whole of South Africa.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Southern Banded Snake-eagle Circaetus fasciolatus resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida winter  64-179 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zululand Batis Batis fratrum resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rudd's Apalis Apalis ruddi resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Sunbird Nectarinia veroxii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Neergaard's Sunbird Nectarinia neergardi resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-breasted Seedeater Serinus citrinipectus resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2006 low not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mkuzi Game Reserve 22,479 protected area contains site 36,474  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Unknown   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
water management 30%
agriculture -
water management 80%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mkuzi Game Reserve. Downloaded from on 25/04/2015

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