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Location South Africa, Free State
Central coordinates 29o 18.00' East  28o 9.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 900 ha
Altitude 1,760 - 1,840m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary This site consists of the farm Alexpan about 20 km north-east of Harrismith. The farm lies in the Grassland Biome and hosts Wattled Crane, Blue Crane and Grey Crowned Crane. 

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Rudd's Lark Heteromirafra ruddi resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillaris resident  present  A1  Endangered 
Yellow-breasted Pipit Anthus chloris resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high unfavourable negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Artificial - terrestrial   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld  -
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
water management 70%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alexpan. Downloaded from on 04/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife