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Location South Africa, Free State
Central coordinates 29o 18.00' East  28o 9.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 900 ha
Altitude 1,760 - 1,840m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Site description This site consists of the farm Alexpan 1529, c.20 km north-east of Harrismith. The farm consists of flat grassveld plains, which are mostly used for growing maize, wheat, soya beans and pasture grass, while most of the remaining natural grassland on the slopes is grazed by sheep and cattle. In the north-west corner of the farm, near the district road, there is a shallow dam c.7.5 ha in extent, and there are six smaller ones (less than 2 ha) on various other drainage lines. The most dominant grassland type is moist sandy highveld grassland. Small patches of moist clay highveld grassland grow on the black vertic clays that are scattered throughout the area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Rudd's Lark Heteromirafra ruddi resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillaris resident  present  A1  Endangered 
Yellow-breasted Pipit Anthus chloris resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld  -
Artificial - terrestrial   100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
water management 70%

Other biodiversity None known to BirdLife International.

References Colahan (1990), Nuttall (1995), Stoltz and Geyser (1973).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Alexpan. Downloaded from on 26/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife