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Location South Africa, Northern Cape
Central coordinates 18o 49.00' East  29o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 54,408 ha
Altitude 489 - 1,141m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary Situated 12 km northwest of Aggeneys, the farm Haramoep forms the central portion of the IBA. The area consists of extensive sandy and gravel plains holding perennial desert grassland and shrubs scattered between bare sand patches. The globally threatened Red Lark Certhilauda burra and the near-threatened Sclater's Lark Spizocorys sclateri occur here.

Site description Situated 12 km north-west of Aggeneys, the farm Haramoep (29°07’S 18°40’E; 14,745 ha) forms the central portion of the site. The remainder is formed by neighbouring farms: Dabenoris, Koeries Wes, Koeries Oos, Katkop and the adjoining Goldfields-owned private nature reserves, Black Mountain Mine and the farm Aggeneys. The area consists of extensive sandy and gravel-plains holding perennial desert grassland and shrubs scattered between bare sand patches. The granitic Haramoep mountains lie in the central and eastern parts of the farm, with gravel-plains stretching to the south.

The koppies hold shrubs of Adenolobus and Rhus, especially on the mid-slopes and peak of the Haramoep mountains. The cobble-strewn bases of the koppies are covered with melkboom Euphorbia. The western and northern regions comprise red sand-dunes overlying the fossil course of the Koa river. The gravel-plains are covered by sparse dwarf shrubland and grassland. The drainage lines support taller woody vegetation including shrubs of Euclea, Ozoroa, Acacia and Tamarix, as well as a patch of Prosopis near the homestead.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. This is one of few sites that protect both the globally threatened Certhilauda burra (700–900 pairs), which inhabits the red sand-dunes, and the near-threatened Spizocorys sclateri (up to 500 individuals), which occurs sporadically on the barren stony plains. This site also holds most of the species restricted to the Namib–Karoo biome and a host of other arid-zone birds. The rocky outcrops of the Haramoep mountain support Geocolaptes olivaceus, Euryptila subcinnamomea, Anthus crenatus and Onychognathus nabouroup.

The extensive plains support Circus maurus, Polemaetus bellicosus, Neotis ludwigii, Eupodotis vigorsii, Cursorius rufus, Pterocles namaqua, Eremalauda starki, Cercomela tractrac, C. sinuata, C. schlegelii, Eremomela gregalis and Malcorus pectoralis. During good rains the nomadic Eremopterix verticalis, E. australis, Serinus alario and Emberiza impetuani can be superabundant. Low scrubby vegetation holds Parus afer, Anthoscopus minutus, Nectarinia fusca, Sylvia layardi, Batis pririt, Bradornis infuscatus, Stenostira scita, Sporopipes squamifrons and Serinus albogularis. Some large trees hold the communal nests of Philetairus socius with the associated Polihierax semitorquatus in attendance. The newly recognized Certhilauda subcoronata occurs at the site.

Non-bird biodiversity: None known to BirdLife International.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Harrier Circus maurus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Ludwig's Bustard Neotis ludwigii resident  1998  present  A3  Endangered 
Karoo Bustard Heterotetrax vigorsii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Ground Woodpecker Geocolaptes olivaceus resident  present  A1  Least Concern 
Certhilauda subcoronata resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Red Lark Certhilauda burra resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Sclater's Lark Spizocorys sclateri resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Near Threatened 
Stark's Lark Eremalauda starki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Sparrow-lark Eremopterix australis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Namaqua Warbler Phragmacia substriata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kopje Warbler Euryptila subcinnamomea resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-rumped Eremomela Eremomela gregalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Layard's Warbler Sylvia layardi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pale-winged Starling Onychognathus nabouroup resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sicklewing Chat Cercomela sinuata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Karoo Chat Cercomela schlegelii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tractrac Chat Cercomela tractrac resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-headed Canary Serinus alario resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2014 high unfavourable low
Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) very rapid to severe deterioration low
Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (agricultural use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (commercial use) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of surface water (domestic use) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - trend unknown/unrecorded happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution air-borne pollutants - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Pollution garbage & solid waste likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in short term (within 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Desert Desert dunes  0 0 good (> 90%) poor (40-69%) unfavourable
Shrubland Shrubland - succulent Karroo  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Aggeneys farm Conservation Area 7,000 protected area contained by site 7,000  
Black Mountain Mine Nature Reserve 7,600 protected area contained by site 7,600  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Shrubland - succulent Karroo  -
Desert Desert dunes  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
nature conservation and research 80%
water management 50%

References Allan (1989, 1994b), Dean (1989, 1995, 1997), Dean and Hockey (1989), Dean and Lombard (1994), Dean and Siegfried (1997), Dean et al. (1991), du Plessis (1992), Edwards (1974), Ryan and Bloomer (in press), Steyn and Myburgh (1989), Vernon (1986), Watkeys (1986, 1987).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Haramoep and Black Mountain Mine. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 04/09/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife