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Location South Africa, Northern Cape
Central coordinates 20o 20.00' East  25o 40.00' South
IBA criteria A3
Area 959,103 ha
Altitude 500 - 700m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary Situated in the sliver of land between Botswana and Namibia, 320 km north of Upington, the Kalahari-Gemsbok National Park forms a relatively small, but vital part of the large semi-arid southern Kalahari ecosystem. This Park supports several raptor species including White-backed Vulture Gyps africanus, Lappet-faced Vulture Aegypius tracheliotos, White-headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis and Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Burchell's Sandgrouse Pterocles burchelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Barred Wren-warbler Camaroptera fasciolata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Burchell's Glossy-starling Lamprotornis australis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kalahari Scrub-robin Erythropygia paena resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sociable Weaver Philetairus socius resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed high

Climate change and severe weather drought likely in short term (within 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Savanna   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Gyps africanus White-backed Vulture 400 400 adults only 100 favourable
Torgos tracheliotos Lappet-faced Vulture 30 30 adults only 100 favourable
Heterotetrax vigorsii Karoo Bustard 140 140 adults only 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park National Park 947,555 protected area contains site 959,103  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - edaphic, dry  -
Forest Woodland - mixed  -
Savanna   major
Wetlands (inland) Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Rivers & streams; Saline lakes; Salt marshes; Saltpans  major

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
water management 30%
agriculture -
forestry 10%
nature conservation and research 3%
water management 1%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kalahari-Gemsbok National Park. Downloaded from on 06/05/2015

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