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Location South Africa, North-West Province
Central coordinates 27o 5.00' East  25o 15.00' South
IBA criteria A1
Area 50,000 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,669m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary Pilanesberg National Park lies about 160 km northwest of Johannesburg, and is the fourth largest protected area in South Africa. The Park covers a wide range of habitats, including vleis, lakes, streams, thick bush, broadleaved and Acacia woodland, koppies, open grasslands and former farmlands. The Park holds over 300 species of bird.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus resident  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Shrubland   50000 50000 100 good (> 90%) favourable

Gyps coprotheres Cape Vulture 60 100 adults only 100 favourable
Anthropoides paradiseus Blue Crane 20 20 adults only 100 favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pilansberg Game Reserve Provincial Nature Reserve 46,822 protected area contains site 50,000  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Vulture study group 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Savanna Bushland & thicket - montane; Wooded grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools  -
Artificial - terrestrial   11%
Shrubland   21%
Forest   68%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research 100%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pilanesberg National Park. Downloaded from on 05/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife