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Location South Africa, Mpumalanga
Central coordinates 29o 50.00' East  26o 32.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3, A4i, A4ii
Area 120,000 ha
Altitude 1,650 - 1,832m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary The IBA consists mostly of highly fragmented grasslands of the area hold several streams and pans, as well as the Willem-Brummer Dam near Ermelo. This IBA holds a large proportion of the global population of Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillaris.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  1998  20 breeding pairs  unknown  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus winter  50-300 individuals  A4i  Vulnerable 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni winter  1,000-2,000 individuals  A1, A4ii  Least Concern 
Blue Crane Anthropoides paradiseus winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni winter  100-1,000 individuals  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
Botha's Lark Spizocorys fringillaris resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Endangered 
Buff-streaked Chat Oenanthe bifasciata resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Forest Canary Serinus scotops resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high not assessed negligible
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Grassland   0 0 very poor (< 40%) very poor (< 40%) very unfavourable

Spizocorys fringillaris Botha's Lark 500 1000 adults only 100 favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers & streams  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
water management 20%
nature conservation and research 100%
other -
tourism/recreation -
water management 10%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amersfoort - Bethal - Carolina District. Downloaded from on 05/05/2015

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