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Location South Africa, Mpumalanga
Central coordinates 30o 45.00' East  25o 30.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 1,500 ha
Altitude 1,400 - 1,740m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa



Summary The IBA, which lies within the South African mistbelt, includes the village of Kaapse Hoop.This small site once held the largest Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding population in Mpumalanga. The swallows were concentrated in the remaining 461 ha of grassland lying south of Kaapse Hoop village.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Southern Bald Ibis Geronticus calvus resident  1998  present  A3  Vulnerable 
Buteo oreophilus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Striped Flufftail Sarothrura affinis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Knysna Turaco Tauraco corythaix resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Olive Bush-shrike Telophorus olivaceus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Blue Swallow Hirundo atrocaerulea breeding  1998  present  A1, A3  Vulnerable 
African Scrub-warbler Bradypterus barratti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-throated Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus ruficapilla resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bush Blackcap Lioptilus nigricapillus resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Near Threatened 
Orange Ground-thrush Zoothera gurneyi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chorister Robin-chat Cossypha dichroa resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 
Brown Scrub-robin Erythropygia signata resident  1998  present  A2  Least Concern 
Buff-streaked Chat Oenanthe bifasciata resident  1998  present  A1, A3  Least Concern 
Gurney's Sugarbird Promerops gurneyi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Forest Canary Serinus scotops resident  1998  present  A2, A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 very high not assessed medium
unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Grassland   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Hirundo atrocaerulea Blue Swallow 12 2 breeding pairs 17 very unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site Sanctuary 0 is identical to site 1,500  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Grassland - highveld  25%
Wetlands (inland) Montane bogs, swamps and mires  -
Shrubland   2%
Forest   96%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research 100%
other -
tourism/recreation -
water management 10%
forestry 25%
nature conservation and research 3%
water management 20%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Blue Swallow Natural Heritage Site. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife