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Location South Africa, Mpumalanga,Northern Province
Central coordinates 31o 35.00' East  24o 10.00' South
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4i
Area 2,142,528 ha
Altitude 300 - 450m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

BirdLife South Africa

Summary The Kruger National Park is situated on the southern portion of the Mozambique coastal plain in the lowveld of Limpopo and Mpumalanga. The IBA covers an area of over 2.1 million hectares. The Park is known to support more than 490 bird species, about 55% of the species found in the entire southern African Sub-region.This includes several important populations of widespread birds, which have suffered outside large protected areas.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra winter  40-60 individuals  A4i  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  10-20 breeding pairs  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres winter  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Corncrake Crex crex winter  present  A1  Least Concern 
Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Lemon-breasted Seedeater Serinus citrinipectus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high not assessed high
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  The conservation measures needed for the site are being comprehensively and effectively implemented  high 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kruger National Park 915,052 protected area contained by site 1,898,859  
Kruger to Canyons UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 2,474,700 protected area contains site 2,142,528  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Lowland forest - riparian; Woodland - mixed  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
nature conservation and research 100%
water management 10%

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kruger National Park and adjacent areas. Downloaded from on 07/05/2015

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