|Location||South Africa, Mpumalanga,Northern Province|
|Central coordinates||31o 35.00' East 24o 10.00' South|
|IBA criteria||A1, A3, A4i|
|Altitude||300 - 450m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2001|
Site description Kruger National Park (KNP) is situated on the southern portion of the Mozambique coastal plain in the lowveld of the Northern Province and Mpumalanga. The park is roughly rectangular in shape, stretching c.320 km from north to south and 65 km from east to west. The site includes the important Banyani flood-plain, just outside the park’s border, as well as several provincial and privately owned reserves that lie adjacent to the western border, and the large Onderberg area to the south of the park (managed by the Mpumalanga Parks Board). The area consists of flat, gently undulating plains that are occasionally broken by scattered inselbergs. The Lebombo mountains, a series of low hills, dominate the eastern border of the park. KNP is drained from west to east by two major river systems, the nKomati and the Limpopo, which form the southern and northern borders of the park respectively, and also by six other large rivers. Under natural conditions all of these rivers would be perennial, but owing to heavy water abstraction within their catchments (west of the IBA), all but one now dry out seasonally.The varied soils give rise to a plethora of different types of deciduous savanna and woodland, ranging from dense forest to open shrubby grassland. Savanna predominates overall, but there is dense broadleaved woodland in the south-west, dominated by Dichrostachys, Combretum and Terminalia, as well as mopane woodland in the central portion of the park, and more open woodland of Burkea, Pseudolachnostylis, Kirkia and baobab Adansonia in the drier, rugged northern region. Riverine forest and thicket occurs along all the major drainage lines.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||winter||-||40-60 individuals||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Black Stork Ciconia nigra||breeding||-||10-20 breeding pairs||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||winter||-||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres||winter||-||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Corncrake Crex crex||winter||-||present||-||A1||Least Concern|
|Brown-headed Parrot Poicephalus cryptoxanthus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Four-coloured Bush-shrike Telophorus quadricolor||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Black-bellied Glossy-starling Lamprotornis corruscus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Pink-throated Twinspot Hypargos margaritatus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Lemon-breasted Seedeater Serinus citrinipectus||resident||1998||present||-||A3||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Kruger||National Park||915,052||protected area contained by site||1,898,859|
|Kruger to Canyons||UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve||2,474,700||protected area contains site||2,142,528|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Lowland forest - riparian; Woodland - mixed||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|nature conservation and research||100%|
Other biodiversity KNP is one of the most important conservation areas in South Africa. Many threatened species occur throughout the park. Among mammals, there are important populations of Ceratotherium simum (LR/cd; more than 700 individuals), Diceros bicornis (CR), Lycaon pictus (EN), Loxodonta africana (EN; more than 7,000 individuals) and Acinonyx jubatus (VU). The highly localized Chrysospalax villosus and Amblysomus julianae (CR) have been recorded in the park. The park also holds populations of the more localized Chirindia langi, Zygaspis vandami and Afroedura langi; the latter is restricted to the Olifants river valley. Among the frogs, southern African endemics include Hemisus marmoratus, Hyperolius tuberilinguis, Afrixalus aureus, A. delicatus, Phrynobatrachus mababiensis, Hilderbrandtia ornata, Ptychadena mossambica, P. oxyrhynchus, Strongylopus grayii, Tomopterna krugerensis, T. marmorata and T. natalensis. Arthrolepis stenodactylus is a rare resident.
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References Benn et al. (1995), Braack (1983), Chittenden (1992), Fraser et al. (1987), Gertenbach (1983), Joubert (1984), Kemp (1974, 1980), Kemp et al. (1989), Newman (1987), Sinclair and Whyte (1991), Tarboton et al. (1987), Venter and Bristow (1984), Venter and Gertenbach (1984), Watson (1990a,b).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kruger National Park and adjacent areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/08/2014
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