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Location Uganda, Kotido
Central coordinates 33o 48.78' East  3o 50.70' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 150,000 ha
Altitude 1,220 - 2,750m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description Kidepo Valley National Park lies in the north-eastern corner of Uganda in the Karamoja region, rising dramatically from 900–1,200 m at the border with Sudan to 2,750 m atop the forested Mount Morungole. It comprises semi-arid plains interspersed with hills, rocky outcrops and mountain ranges. One third of the park lies in the Narus Valley in the south and west, with two-thirds occupying the Kidepo Valley system in the east and north-east. Life in the park revolves around these two seasonal rivers. The Narus has water for about six months of the year and has well-developed Acacia-wooded savanna, but the Kidepo holds surface water only during the wettest seasons. Permanent water-holes are few and far between. The Acacia savanna merges in the south into a fire-climax grassland, tree- and shrub-steppe, and bushland, with c.2,000 ha of forest on the higher mountain slopes.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. Kidepo Valley National Park has about 480 recorded species, the second-highest total of any Ugandan protected area, after Queen Elizabeth National Park (IBA UG007). It is also the only IBA located entirely within the Somali–Masai biome. It supports some of the rarest species in Uganda, such as Lybius rolleti and Apalis karamojae. Other species which are rare or local in Uganda include Tmetothylacus tenellus, Lanius dorsalis, Turdoides rubiginosus, Calamonastes simplex and many others restricted within Uganda to this Park, Moroto Forest Reserve and adjacent unprotected areas. Species restricted to the Afrotropical Highlands biome occur mainly in the highlands of Lonyili, Morungole, Zulia and Lomej, where there is a characteristic mosaic of forest, savanna and thicket; notable among these species are Monticola rufocinereus and Sylvia lugens, both occurring at only one or two other IBAs in Uganda. The site also holds 16 species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome, and four of the Guinea–Congo Forests biome. There are occasional records of three species of global conservation concern—Circus macrourus, Falco naumanni and Neotis denhami—and Torgos tracheliotus occurs.

Non-bird biodiversity: The park has about 80 species of mammals, of which 28 are not found in any of the other Ugandan parks, including Acinonyx jubatus (VU). Other species of global conservation concern include Loxodonta africana (EN), Panthera leo (VU) and various species of antelope. The park has a rich and diverse herptile fauna, but it has not been assessed properly. Unfortunately, there has been little scientific work in the park since the 1970s.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Black-breasted Barbet Pogonornis rolleti resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Heuglin's Francolin Pternistis icterorhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Fox Kestrel Falco alopex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni winter  present  A1  Near Threatened 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-crested Turaco Tauraco leucolophus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Caprimulgus poliocephalus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-throated Bee-eater Merops bulocki resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Cinnamon-chested Bee-eater Merops oreobates resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jackson's Hornbill Tockus jacksoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Grey Cuckooshrike Coracina caesia resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-billed Shrike Corvinella corvina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Emin's Shrike Lanius gubernator resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Taita Fiscal Lanius dorsalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Piapiac Ptilostomus afer resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-pate Cisticola Cisticola ruficeps resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Foxy Cisticola Cisticola troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Karamoja Apalis Apalis karamojae resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Grey Wren-warbler Camaroptera simplex resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mountain Flycatcher-warbler Chloropeta similis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Woodland-warbler Phylloscopus umbrovirens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Warbler Sylvia lugens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous Chatterer Turdoides rubiginosa resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bronze-tailed Glossy-starling Lamprotornis chalcurus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Sharpe's Starling Cinnyricinclus sharpii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Northern Double-collared Sunbird Nectarinia preussi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-crowned Sparrow-weaver Plocepasser superciliosus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Crimson-wing Cryptospiza salvadorii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Firefinch Lagonosticta rara resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-throated Firefinch Lagonosticta larvata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Black-rumped Waxbill Estrilda troglodytes resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Steel-blue Whydah Vidua hypocherina resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Golden Pipit Tmetothylacus tenellus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Bunting Emberiza affinis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 medium near favourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable
Grassland   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kidepo Valley National Park 143,000 is identical to site 143,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   42%
Shrubland   51%
Grassland   1%
Forest   4%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kidepo Valley National Park. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 28/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife