email a friend
printable version
Location Uganda, Moroto
Central coordinates 34o 46.80' East  2o 31.44' North
IBA criteria A1, A2, A3
Area 48,000 ha
Altitude 960 - 3,084m
Year of IBA assessment 2001

NatureUganda



Site description Mount Moroto Forest Reserve is perched on top of the escarpment of the Eastern Rift Valley, east of Moroto town; its eastern boundaries are also those of the Ugandan border with Kenya. The upper parts of Mount Moroto are forested (totalling c.7,000 ha), but the reserve extends a considerable distance into savannas of various types, including Combretum woodlands, as well as bushland and tree/shrub-steppe.

Key Biodiversity See Box and Tables 2 and 3 for key species. The reserve is relatively rich in savanna birds, with a total of 220 species recorded, although the list is certainly not complete. Concerning Apalis karamojae, there is an old record from the slopes of Mount Moroto, and specimens were collected at the foot of the mountains in 1958 and in the early 1960s. However, its current status is not known. Moroto supports several species not known elsewhere in Uganda and has more in common with similar areas in north-western Kenya than with Uganda. Species such as Eupodotis gindiana, Tockus hemprichii, Mirafra poecilosterna, Tchagra jamesi, Eremomela flavicrissalis, Parus thruppi, Nectarinia hunteri, Emberiza poliopleura and Onychognathus salvadorii are not found in any other IBA or protected area in Uganda. Thirty-two species, including Tricholaema melanocephala and Nectarinia habessinica, are only known in Uganda from this north-eastern area. Four species of the Sudan–Guinea Savanna biome occur.

Non-bird biodiversity: About 200 tree and shrub species were recorded in Mount Moroto Forest Reserve by the Forest Biodiversity Inventory Team, 22 of which had not been recorded previously from this floral region (U1). Among the 22 species of small mammal are three endemic to the Somali–Masai biome.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Trachyphonus darnaudii resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Red-and-yellow Barbet Trachyphonus erythrocephalus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-necked Francolin Pternistis leucoscepus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buteo oreophilus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Eastern Chanting-goshawk Melierax poliopterus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Buff-crested Bustard Lophotis gindiana resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Dusky Turtle-dove Streptopelia lugens resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hartlaub's Turaco Tauraco hartlaubi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Go-away-bird Criniferoides leucogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Scarce Swift Schoutedenapus myoptilus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Nyanza Swift Apus niansae resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Abyssinian Scimitarbill Rhinopomastus minor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Eastern Yellow-billed Hornbill Tockus flavirostris resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Jackson's Hornbill Tockus jacksoni resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hemprich's Hornbill Lophoceros hemprichii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Three-streaked Tchagra Tchagra jamesi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Somali Tit Parus thruppi resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Mouse-coloured Penduline-tit Anthoscopus musculus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Red-winged Lark Mirafra hypermetra resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Pink-breasted Lark Mirafra poecilosterna resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Chestnut-throated Apalis Apalis porphyrolaema resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Karamoja Apalis Apalis karamojae resident  1998  present  A1, A2, A3  Vulnerable 
Bracken Warbler Bradypterus cinnamomeus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Yellow-vented Eremomela Eremomela flavicrissalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Hill Babbler Pseudoalcippe abyssinica resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Bristle-crowned Starling Onychognathus salvadorii resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Magpie Starling Speculipastor bicolor resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Zoothera piaggiae resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
White-starred Robin Pogonocichla stellata resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Little Rock-thrush Monticola rufocinereus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
African Grey Flycatcher Bradornis microrhynchus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-eyed Slaty Flycatcher Dioptrornis fischeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Kenya Violet-backed Sunbird Anthreptes orientalis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Hunter's Sunbird Nectarinia hunteri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Tacazze Sunbird Nectarinia tacazze resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-headed Buffalo-weaver Dinemellia dinemelli resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Baglafecht Weaver Ploceus baglafecht resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Purple Grenadier Uraeginthus ianthinogaster resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Swee Waxbill Estrilda melanotis resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Straw-tailed Whydah Vidua fischeri resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
White-bellied Canary Serinus dorsostriatus resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 
Serinus striolatus resident  1998  present  A3  Not Recognised 
Somali Golden-breasted Bunting Emberiza poliopleura resident  1998  present  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2012 low favourable medium
Habitat
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  A comprehensive and appropriate management plan exists that aims to maintain or improve the populations of qualifying bird species  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  medium 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Moroto Forest Reserve 48,338 protected area contains site 48,300  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Artificial - terrestrial   73%
Unknown   3%
Shrubland   8%
Grassland   10%
Forest   3%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry -
water management -
other -
Notes: Firewood collection; cutting of timber for building poles; collection of medicinal plants.

References Davenport et al. (1996b), Langdale-Brown et al. (1964).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Mount Moroto Forest Reserve. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife